Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 1.1882-1883

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THE ERECHTHEION.

Pandrosos is the only one of the sisters who was not false to her
trust.

The Pandroseion was just west of the Erechtheion, which is here
called the temple of Athena. The sacred statue of Athena stood in
the eastern cella, to which the Pandroseion was not crvvex^ ', but the
whole building now generally called the Erechtheion was a joint tem-
ple of Athena and Poseidon, or rather a temple of Athena in which
Poseidon-Erechtheus had a share. The name by which the temple
is mentioned in the inscription quoted above (C. I. A., I. 322,
line 1), the temple in which is the ancient statue, is enough to show
that Athena was regarded as the chief divinity of the whole temple ;
so that the Pandroseion is very properly called " contiguous to the
temple of Athena," although the special cella of Athena was at the
other end of the building.

There is then nothing in the description of Pausanias which does
not agree with the conclusions at which we have arrived from an
examination of the ruins of the building and the study of the in-
scriptions.

The roof of the Erechtheion was undoubtedly framed of wood, as is
proved by C.I. A., I. 324a, col. 1, lines 35-37 : wp'orais • . . KaXv/jL/xaTa
cis rrjv 6po<f>/]v, and by the subsequent mention of re/cToves, carpenters,
in connection with parts of the roof.

It is not my purpose to describe or discuss the beautiful ornamen-
tation and architectural details of the Erechtheion. Suffice it to say
that the work is everywhere characterized by extreme richness of
design and delicacy of execution, and that the effect was doubtless
much heightened by the free use of color and gilding. It is not
probable that the pediments were filled with sculptures.* No
mention of any such figures is found in the inscriptions, nor have any
fragments of them been found among the ruins.

* The middle block of the pediment of the north porch, much broken, stands
on the ground, against a mass of modern wall and rubbish, back outward, apex
upward, immediately north of the porch. — T. W. L.
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