in a westerly direction to the little valley, then cross the ridge already
mentioned to Betlam. In the Dere above Betlam are two villages,
Isnebol and Kara Punar. Isnebol is corrupted from some Greek
name ending in -o-o/Us. From Betlam we ascend the right bluff of
Navahy Deresi southwest, and find ourselves on an elevated plateau,
on which Urghudlu is situated. Before reaching Urghudlu we pass a
number of rock-cut sepulchres. This plateau is cultivated, but the
land is not very fertile.
From Urghudlu we head west, and descend almost perpendicularly
by a terrible road to Feriske in the Bash Dere. Above Feriske the Dere
becomes very narrow and rough, but after a time it opens up again,
and is said to contain the following villages (the distances are reckoned
from Feriske): Djivler h., right bank); Durdjalar (2^ h., right
bank); Mentchek (1^ h., left bank); Yediler (2 h., left bank);
Sariveller (2^ h., left bank). At Feriske the Dere widens, to contract
again two miles lower down.
June 17. Feriske, via Tchukur Bagh, to Ilamos, 4 h. 39 m. We
ascend southwest for an hour to the top of the ridge lying between
Bash Dere and Goderet Deresi. On the top of the mountain are
numerous rock-cut sepulchres, some of which are very remarkable.
One, which bears inscription No. 136 (but too high to reach), repre-
sents the facade of a temple. The pediment is occupied by a head
of Medusa. A lion ascends each side of the pediment, which is
adorned with great Akroteria. The four columns have remarkable
capitals, seemingly Egyptian in character.
Rock sepulchre, with the facade of a temple, on the top of the
mountain south of Feriske. The left cud is much zueathered,
almost defaced, and the sun shone so unhappily on the
inscription that I could decipher but little, even with my
WAMWMwmwwMM^ OYf OY |OY KI AA^^TOM N HMMA