THE WOLFE EXPEDITION
From Ilaus we return nearly east to Isparta in one hour and a
quarter. The soil of this plain is exceedingly sandy, and grows
scarcely anything but beans and melons.
September 12. Excursion from Isparta to Minassun, Sav, Alikieui,
and return to Isparta, 5 h. 51 m. From Isparta we go southeast,
and in fifteen minutes reach and cross the widely outspread bed of a
Tchai, being the only outlet for the water from the Dere down
which , we came in journeying from Aghlasun to Isparta. I was sur-
prised to find that all the water of the large Tchai just mentioned is
used up by the city of Isparta, and that none of it goes at this season
of the year to swell the Ak Su. During the winter this stream lays
waste the region southeast of Isparta ; not having any defined chan-
nel, it covers a large district with stones and sand.
An hour's ride brings us to the ruins called Minassun. This is the
site of Minassos, known from coins. The ruins are very insignificant.
The natives informed me that there was a Kale on a large hill near
by : I climbed it, but found nothing beyond a fine view of the whole
plain of Isparta. A large Tchai comes down a Dere from the moun-
tains and flows past Minassun. This and the Isparta Tchai, together
with the water from the Sav region, form the extreme headwaters of
the Ak Su. Three-quarters of an hour east-northeast of Minasstin is
Sav, a large village nestled among walnut-trees at the mouth of a
gorge which comes down from Davras Dagh. From Sav we pass
along the foot of the mountain which bounds the plain of Isparta on
the southeast to Boyiik Hadjilar, Kutchiik Hadjilar, to Alikieui, re-
turning thence by Diyedin to Isparta. Heavy rainfalls caused the
loss of much time at Isparta.
September 15. Isparta to Islamkieui, 3 h. 21 m. We leave Isparta
finally for Islamkieui, traversing the plain north-northeast, and in two
hours and a quarter we reach Giile Onii. One hour out from Isparta
the valley narrows, opening up again into another valley three-quarters
of an hour west of Giile Onii. I find that the water from the Uaus-
Tchumiir and the Alikieui-Hadjilar regions comes through the narrows
of the valley just mentioned into the Findos-Giile Onii valley, where
it is lost. On the contrary, the water from the Isparta Minassun
region goes to the Ak Su. The first of these streams is dry through-
out the summer.
Twenty minutes north-northeast of Giile Onii is Baiyat.