Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 5.1886-1890

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IXSCRIPTIOXS FROM IK ARIA.

carelessness of cutting, the reading of any part whatever is exceedingly
difficult.

^OSX-O 6>]o? x<»p\Lov

A I 0 I K I A S A P OT......... K~\ai oi/cia? uTroT^LfArj-

^FPO I KOS PS\ fia] irpoiicos

WSi K E I K A E IS

HOP

Translation.—" Boundary of the land and house, security for the
dowry," etc.

Comment.—Divorce seems to have been, among the Greeks, an all-
too-common occurrence; and it was partially with the idea of giving
greater stability to the union, by bringing financial interests to bear
upon the question, that a dowry was bestowed upon the bride. The
husband had the interest of this dowry to use as he pleased, but, if for
any reason separation took place, he was obliged to restore the princi-
pal ; and on this account it was customary, when the dowry was handed
over to him, to require security for it on his own property.4 To the
numerous class of inscriptions recording such a mortgage belongs the
one just given, which is of the fourth century b. c.

That cnroTLfir)fj.a is not necessarily restricted to the security given
by the husband, but may also be used for the security given by the
bride's father for dowry not yet paid over, has been shown by Dareste,"
whose interpretation of the inscription in relation to the dowry of
Xenariste seems plainer than that of Kohler. Instead of the simple
gen. 7rpot/co?, we find ev irpoLKi,6 TrpoiKL,7 els TTjV irpoLKa?

Cambridge, England, Carl D. Buck.

Oct. 23, 1888.

* Cf. Hermans, Lehrbuch der griech. Antiq., vol. iv, p. 264 ff.

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellenique, ir, p. 485: ef. xir, p. 304.
6 Ditt., Syll., 434. 7 Ephemeris, No v., 1870. 8 Dm., Syll., 437.
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