Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 5.1886-1890

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THE CHOREGIA IN ATHENS AND AT IK ARIA.

85

The speaker in Antiphon's speech on the chorus-boy20 was choregos
for two tribes at the Thargelia; but the chorus was lyric, not dramatic.
The chief authority, however, is the oration of Demosthenes against
Meidias, where lie graphically describes his offer of himself as choregos
to his own tribe, that it might not be for a third time without a rep-
resentative ; but he expressly states that he was choregos for a lyric
as contrasted with a dramatic chorus.21 Of the two arguments to this
oration, written by Libanios, the first speaks of both lyric and dramatic
choruses contesting at the Dionysia, and immediately upon this states
that the tribes furnish the choruses and that the choregos is the one who
pays the expenses in connection with the choregia. This, it must be
acknowledged, would seem to indicate that the dramatic were appointed
in the same manner as the lyric choregoi. But the second argument,
which is longer and more specific, states that a choregos was appointed
from each tribe, 7rpo? to rpecpew ^opou? Traihav Te ical avBpwv, and
adds, ekafifiave Se ^pi'jfxaTa ei'? rpoc^yv tcov tov j^opov. enriaraarj^ Se
rrj<; eoprr^; rjjwvL^ovro 7rpo<> uXXijXou? ol yop^joX kcli r\pifyv, vp,vov<$

6t? TOV &LOVVGOV (l8oVTe<;, KClX Tffl VIKWVTL TpLTTOV^ to a8\oV TjV, KtX.

Now, we have seen that the choregia in the case of dramatic differs in
some respects from the choregia in case of lyric choruses. The prize
was not the same in both cases, and an important change in the dra-
matic choregia was introduced without affecting the system of the lyric
choregia. It is true that the appointment of the choregoi is a more
important feature, but, if we can rid our minds of the presumption
that the choregia was a consistently invariable institution, the same
for choregoi of both kinds, we see how little evidence there is to show
that dramatic choregoi were appointed in any way by the tribe.

Having thus stated the most important features of the choregia for
the city festivals, we may ask, What do we know of the choregia for the
rural festivals?—especially for the Rural Dionysia, the most ancient of
all the festivals of Dionysos, celebrated during the month of Poseideon
(Dec.-Jau.) in the various country demes, and perhaps nowhere, except
at Peiraieus, with so much brilliancy as at Ikaria, so intimately con-
nected with the myth of Dionysos, the birthplace of Thespis and the
primitive home of both tragedy and comedy.

The meagre information which we possess on this point has been col-
lected by Haussoullier." Two decrees of the deme of Aixone, in praise

20 7rep} tov xopeuToO, 11.

\ lo(), rpaywo'ols Kexopr}yr]Ke TrofT oiiros, eyw 5e av\Tjra7s o.vhpa(Tiv.
22 La Vie Municipalc en Attique, p. 169.
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