Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 5.1886-1890

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DISCOVERIES AT PLATAIA IN 1890.

[Map.]

GENERAL REPORT ON THE EXCAVATIONS.

The Excavations at Plataia which were carried on during the
Spring of 1890 under my direction were the continuation of our
work on the same site in the preceding year. The funds for these
excavations during the two seasons were procured for me by personal
friends in America, namely, Dr. Lamborn and Mr. Wesley Harper.
The students of the School who took part in the work were Messrs.
W. I. Hunt and H. S. Washington of Yale, J. P. Shelley of Findlay
College, Ohio, H. D. Hale of Harvard, C. M. Washington of Yale,
and J. F. Gray of Harvard.

As stated in my Report last year, the immediate aim of the ex-
pedition for this year was not so much actual excavation as topograph-
ical work. I desired, in the first place, to make a careful and final
survey of the walls enclosing the ancient city of Plataia, and also to
study the site of the battle-field of Plataia. The survey of the walls
was carried on chiefly under the direction of Mr. H. S. Washington,
the maps being drawn by Mr. H. D. Hale. Mr. Hale's map together
with Mr. Washington's Report of the work will follow this intro-
duction.1 A paper on the topography of the battle-field of Plataia

1 On the whole, we have found our own investigations as regards the site of an-
cient Plataia and the relations of the various walls to one another to agree most
with Visciier's views (Erinnerungtn und Eindrucke aus Griechenland, pp. 219, 543).
There is also some prohability in favor of the hypothesis, recently expressed by
Fabricius (T/icben, etc., Akademisches Antritlsprogrumm, Freiburg i. B., 1890, p. 1"),
that the stone walla as now standing were surmounted by fortifications of unburnt brick.
That the whole wall (stone and brick) was covered with a uniform stucco is possible,
but, I think, not probable ; as I do not remember to have seen on the stones them-
selves traces of stucco, which would in all likelihood have survived. I may also add
that one of the best maps of the Plataian district is that made by Spencer Stanhope
(Topography tthutr. of the Battle of Plalaea, by John Spencer Staxhope, London,
1817). The copy of this map in the library of the museum of arelueology at Cam-
bridge (which contains the whole of Col. Leake's library) is of especial interest, as
it contains additions and corrections in pencil by Col. Leake himself.

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