Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 6.1890-1897 (1897)

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A TEMPLE IN ERE Tit J A.

temple so closely connected with the theatre was in all probabil-
ity a temple of Dionysus, and if it be deemed rash to set aside
the testimony of Cyriac of Ancona, we might postulate a second
temple of Dionysus with almost as much show of reason as
Boeckh had for postulating a second temple of Artemis.

In the excavations about the temple we found very little pot-
tery. One piece of a lekyikos, however, with black figures on a
white ground, seems to indicate a date before the Persian "Wars.17
In contrast to this is a small marble head found under the layer
of poros covering the main opening in the temple. This cannot
well be earlier than the fourth century. If it be a divinity it is
most likely an Aphrodite.

In the dump heap we found a torso of a terra-cotta siren or
harpy, apparently a rattle for a child. It was covered with a.
coating of stucco, and was probably painted. This might belong
to almost any age.

Of the close connection between the altar and the theatre,
which may help to afford an explanation of the enigmatical pas-
sage under the stage building, Professor Capps will treat in his
article on the theatre.

Near the line of bases extending westward from the theatre
(D D D D) were found four fragments of inscriptions, no one of
which affords a whole name. But what is more important, one
affords 0HKE and another HYAEI. This makes it certain that
the bases belong to choregic monuments, like those at Athens,18
and that this theatre was the scene of musical or dramatic con-
tests. The inscription containing rjv'Xei, and probably all the
others, is from the fourth century.

EXCURSUS ON THE LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS AMARYSIA.

Since the location of the temple of Artemis Amarysia is the
burning question of Eretrian topography, and since we made the

17 E. A. Gardner in Jour, of Hell. Studies, 1894, p. 180 ff. Unfortunately the
exact place of finding was not noted. But we have at least an additional token that
the pre-Persian Eretria was on the same spot as the later city. Cf. Am. Jour, op
Arch, vir, p. 241.

18 Reisoii, De Musicis certaminibus, p. 84 ff. Harrison", Mythology and Monu-
ments of Athens, p. 268 f. The bases and architectural fragments Professor Capps
will describe.
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