Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 6.1890-1897 (1897)

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228 EXCAVATIONS AT THE AUG J VE HERJEUM IN 1892.

descent is almost precipitous, and high retaining-walls were neces-
sary. These walls are but a short distance from the temple, so
that the space of the temenos before the east front was very lim-
ited. Toward the west, on the other hand, there is a long grad-
uated incline down to a third plateau, considerably the largest of
all, bounded on the west by the stream Eleutherium. (Included
on the plan between CC and J).

Perhaps it is pertinent to add a word on the natural beauty of
the site, high up as it is on the mountain side, and on the view
that it offers. Almost the entire plain of Argos, the mountains
which surround it, and the bay of ISTauplia to the south, are in-
cluded. Historical associations which recall every period of Greek
history lend an added charm to the scene. Tiryns and Argos,
representing respectively prehistoric and classical times, the me-
diaeval castle which crowns the Larisa or citadel of Argos, the
walls and towers of Nauplia, with the reminiscences which they
contain of Venetian and Turkish supremacy, of the establishment
of the republic under Kapodistrias, and, finally, of the monarchy
under Otho—all are distinctly visible.

The first campaign at the Ilerreum may be said to have begun
February IS, 1892. On that day our expedition set out from
Athens—Dr. Waldstein, Mr. Fox, the architect and draughtsman
of the party, and I, together with a Greek foreman who had had
two years of training with us at Eretria, and our cook and man
of all work, Nicolaki. Upon our arrival at Argos we called upon
the two prominent men of the town, the demarch and the physi-
cian, to enlist their support. In company with them we drove
over the plain to Chonika, a village thirty-five minutes from the
temple, where the demarch assisted us in engaging the best house
to be found, the only one of more than a single story. The next
day, Sunday, we were joined by two more members of the School,
Messrs. Eewhall and De Cou. The day was spent quietly in re-
ceiving callers and through them allowing the news of our coming
and our mission to be spread about the village and the surround-
ing country. Monday morning rather more than sixty workmen
presented themselves. By the time the next week began more
than one hundred and ninety men were on our lists.
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