Cook, Arthur B.
Zeus: a study in ancient religion (Band 1): Zeus god of the bright sky — Cambridge, 1914

Page: 309
DOI Page: Citation link: 
https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/cook1914bd1/0383
License: Free access  - all rights reserved Use / Order

0.5
1 cm
facsimile
The Kyklops of the East and West 309

found on copper coins of Ebora Cerialis, one of the chief towns of
the Turduli in Hispania Baetica1 (figs. 247—248); for the district,

according to M. Agrippa and M. Varro2, was over-run by Cartha-
ginians, who would presumably bring the cult of their Punic Baal
with them.

vi. The Kyklops of the East and the Kyklops of the West.

Taking into account these zoomorphic transformations of the
solar wheel, I shall venture to propound a fresh classification of
the Kyklopes in Greek mythology. Let us distinguish the Kyklopes
of the eastern Mediterranean (including the Aegaean) from those
of the western Mediterranean (especially Sicily). What is common
to the two groups, what in fact enables them to be considered
species of a single genus, is the central disk representing the actual
orb of the sun : hence the appropriate name for both was Kyklops,
' the Round One,' or more exactly, ' He of the Round Aspect.'

The eastern Kyklopes were called also Cheirogdstores2, or Gas-
terocheires41, that is, 'Arm-bellies' or 'Belly-arms,' in connexion
with Lykia and Tiryns ; Encheirogdstores or Engastrdcheires*, that

1 A. Heiss Description ginirale des monnaies antiques de VEspagne Paris 1870
p. 322 ff. pi. 47 Turduli 3, 4, 5, 10. I reproduce no. 3 with a Celtiberian legend to be
transliterated IBOVRi-r (genitive of Ebord) and no. 10 with a Latin legend read by
Heiss (eb)orenti(n)^wot. See also G. D. de Lorichs Recherches numismatiques
concernant principalement les me'dailles celtibe'riennes-Yzxi's, 1852 pi. 76, 12.

2 Ap. Plin. nat. hist. 3. 8.

3 Eustath. in II. p. 286, 30 f., apparently quoting Strabon either from memory or in
a text different from ours. A comparison of schol. Aristeid. with schol. Hes. (supra
p. 302 n. 4) shows that the Kyklopes who built Mykenai were sometimes at least known
as Cheirogdstores.

4 Strab. 372 and ap. Eustath. in Od. p. 1622, 53 f.

5 Deiochos frag. 5 (Frag. hist. Gr. ii. r 7 f. Muller) ap. schol. Ap. Rhod. 1. 989 mentions
certain Thessalian iyxeLpoydaropas (vulg.) or eyyaarpoxct-pas (cod. Paris.). The scholiast
identifies them with the Ytjyevies of Ap. Rhod. loc. cit., monstrous forms with six arms,

Fig. 247.

Fig. 248.
loading ...