Cook, Arthur B.
Zeus: a study in ancient religion (Band 1): Zeus god of the bright sky — Cambridge, 1914

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The Solar Chariot 337

driver's breast1. The addition of a thunderbolt to the left of the
disk requires explanation2. At first sight it is tempting to interpret
the scene as that of Phaethon in his father's chariot struck by the
bolt of Zeus. But, as T. Panofka long ago observed, this would ill
suit the peaceful pose of the charioteer, who extends his hand in

u.

Fig. 269.

greeting, not in terror. Rather we should recollect that two of the
sun's steeds, according to the oldest tradition, were named Bronte
and Sterope, 'Thunder' and 'Lightning3.' The sun-god has much
in common with the thunder-god.

1 On the derivation of the swastika from the solar wheel see T. Wilson The Swastika
Washington 1896 passim (bibliography pp. 984—996) and recently J. Dechelette in the
Rev. Arch. 1909 i. 314 ff. and Alanuel cVarcheologie Paris 1910 ii. 1. 453 ff.

Miss J. E. Harrison kindly sends me the following criticism: 'I am open to con-
viction, but I cannot help thinking that the swastika precedes the solar wheel and simply
represents the four points of the compass in motion. The four points seem to influence
tribal arrangements among very primitive people at early stages—see Durkheim et Mauss
Annie Sociologique 1902 p. 1 and 34.'

'2 Panofka loc. cit. p. 305 f. cp. a vase from Apulia of like design and style then in the
Betti collection at Naples.

3 The sun's horses bear the following names:

Eumelos ap. Ylyg.fab. 183...............Eous Aethops Bronte Sterope

Schol. Eur. Phoen. 3 a.....................Xpovos Aidd) 'AarpairT] Bpovrrj

Schol. Eur. Phoen. 3 b.....................Adpiiraiv Qaedwv

Schol. Soph. El. 825 .....................<£aeduj>

Ov. met. 2. i53f.,cp. Hyg.fab. i83-..Pyrois Eous Aethon Phlegon

Mart. ep. 8. 2t. 7, cp. 3. 67. 5 .........Xanthus Aethon

Fulgent, myth. 1. 11 .....................Erythraeus Actaeon Lampos Philogaeus

Homerus (!) ap. Wyg.fab. 183 .........Abraxas Soter Bel Iao

C. 22
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