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the Firji PYRAMID,
A Defcription of the Inftde os the Firji PYRAMID,


Aving finished the description of the
____greater Pyramid, with the sigure and
dimensions os it, as they present them-
selves to the view without ; I ihall now
look inwards, and ]ead the reader into se-
veral spaces and partitions within: of which
is the ancients have been silent, we muft
chiefly impute it to a reverend and awful
regard, mixed with superftition, in not
prefuming to enter those chambers of death,
which religion and devotion had confe-
crated to the reft and quiet os the dead.
Wherefore a Herodotus mentions no more,
but only in general, that fome fecret vaults
are hewn in the rock under the Pyramid.
Diodorus Siculus is filent ; though both in-
large themfelves in other particulars lefs
neceiTary. b Strabo alfo is very concife,
whofe whole defcription, both os this and
of the fecond Pyramid, is included in this
ihort expreffion : Forty stadia from the city
(Memphis) there is a certain brow of an bill,
in which are many Pyramids, the sepulchres
of kings: three of them are memorable. Two
of thefe are accounted amongft the feven mi-
racles of the world : each of thefe are a fur-
long in height : the sigure is quadrilateral -,
the altitude fomewhat exceeds each fide, and
the one is fomewhat bigger than the other. On
high, as it were, in the midsi between the
fides, there is a ftone that may be removed,
which being taken out, there is an oblique (or
fhelving) entrance (for so I render that which
by him is termed ctv'fty^ anoKta) leading to the
tomb. c Pliny expresses nothing within,
but only a well (which is still extant) of
eighty-fix cubits in depth ; in which, he pro-
bably imagines, by fome fecret aqueduct,
the water os the river Nilus to be brought.
Ariftides, in his oration intituled Al^oV//©-,
upon a misinsormation os the Egyptian
priests, makes the soundation os the struc-
ture to have defcended as sar below, as
the altitude afcends above •, of which I see
no necessity, seeing all os them are found-
ed upon rocks. His words are these :
d Now as with admiration we behold the tops
of the Pyramids, but that which is as much
more under-ground, oppofite to it, we are ig-
3 Herodot.f lib. 2. b Strabo, lib. 17. c p]jn. ]. 3<j. c llm
d^Nvusa>ajip imv wvPAuifeov^rds y.b nopv$d$ o^dyja iKTAiirjo^i^A- rb <P' cL/IittclAcv £ uVo ytli 'irepov
To<rxrov,ov nyv'otiTcti (\iyaJv avray hpiaviiKwoi/) 8cc. Ariftid. hoy®-> A\yv7rrto;.
' e Telesmes.~] The word ufed by the Arabians is derived from the Greek, a^oTiMcry.a, by an aph&resis of
tt-ro. By the like aph&resis, together with an epenthesis, the Arabians call him Bochtonajsar, whom Btolemy
names Nabonajsar -. as by an aph&refis, and fyncope, the Turks call Conftantinople, Stanpol, or Iftanbol ; from
whence some of our writers term it Stambol ; tho' the Arabians more fully exprefs it by Cc/lantiniya, and
Buzantiya ; that is, Conftantinopolis, and Byzantium. The various signiflcations os' rzKia[j.(tra, and art or 1-
Kit(j.ata., fee in Mr. Seidell's learned difcourfe, de Diis Syris ; and in Scaliger's annotations in apotelefmaticum
Manilii. That which the Arabians commonly mean by telefmes, are certain Jigilla, or amulet a, made under
inch and fuch an aspcds, or configuration of the ftars and planets, with ieveral characters accordingly in-
fer ibed.
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norant os (Ispeak what I have received srom Greaves.
the priests)* And this is that which hath
been delivered-to us by the ancients; which
I was unwilling to pretermit, more out os
reverence os antiquity, than out os any
special satissaclion. The Arabian writers,
efpecially such as have purposely treated
of the wonders of Egypt, have given us a
more sull defcription of what is within
this Pyramid : but that hath been mixed
with fo many sictions of their own, that:
the truth hath been darkened, and almoft
quite extinguished, by them. I shall put
down that which is confeffed by them to be
the raoft probable relation, as is reported by
Ibn Abd Alhokm, whofe words out of the.
Arabick are thefe : The greateft part of chro-
nologers agree, that he which built the Pyra-
mids, was Saurid Ibn Salhouk, king os
Egypt, who lived three hundred years be-
sore the food. The occafion of this was, be-
caufe hesaw in his fieep, that the whole earth
was turned over with the inhabitants of it, the
men lying upon their faces, and the (I ars fall-
ing down, and ftriking one another with a
terrible noife ; and, being troubled, he con-
cealed it. After this he faw the fixed ftars
salling to the earth, in the fimilitude of white
sowl, and they fnatched up men, carrying
them between two great mountains ; and thefe
mountains closed upon them, and the Jhining
ftars were made dark. Awaking with great
sear, he afsembled the chief priefts of all the
provinces os Egypt, an hundred and thirty
priefts, the- chies of them was called Acli-
mum. Relating the whole matter to them,
they took the altitude of the ftars, and, making
their prognoftication, foretold of a deluge. The
king faid, Will it cotne to our country ? They
anfwered, Tea, and will deftroy it. And
there remained a certain number of years for to
come, and he commanded in the mean [pace to
build the Pyramids, and a vault to be made,
into which the river Nilus entering, fthould
run into the countries of the West, and into
the land Al-Said ; and he filled them with
e telesmes, and with strange things, and
with riches, and treasures, and the like. He
ingraved in them all things that were told