Hamilton, William John
Researches in Asia Minor, Pontus, and Armenia: with some account of their antiquities and geology ; in two volumes (Band 2) — London, 1842

Seite: 143
Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen Nutzung / Bestellung
1 cm
Chap, xxxix.]



through thick woods of pine brought us to the bed of the
AinehChai. Numerous layers of tabular flint occurred at
regular distances in the white limestone, which gave the
barren hill a remarkable banded appearance: this again
was underlaid to the north and west by beds of brown and
yellow sands and conglomerates.

At half-past one we crossed the Aineh Chai, and ascended
a lateral valley to the north, in which were several fields
planted with Kizil boya (red dye) or madder. Columnar
basalt cropped out in several places in the bed of the
stream, but the horizontality of the superincumbent lime-
stone and sands was not disturbed ; thick masses of a sharp
brittle tabular flint with black and yellow laminae were very
abundant in the calcareous rocks, and were sometimes curi-
ously streaked. After proceeding three miles up the valley,
on reaching the undulating summit of the ridge, I suddenly
found myself amongst the tombs and sarcophagi of a ruined
city, which had stood in a small plain to the N. W., sur-
rounded by low hills covered with tombs and sepulchres.
Descending to the plain I reached a ruined stadium extend-
ing from N. by E. to S. by W. The northern half, how-
ever, had been destroyed; Avhile the southern portion,
running into a recess in the hills, was nearly perfect.
Many of the marble seats were still in situ, as well as
the wall round the arena, about four feet in height. The
foundations of numerous buildings exist upon the plain;
and well-worked fragments of marble architraves, cornices,
and columns were lying on the ground. In one spot an
extensive marble pavement, nearly perfect, has been con-
verted by the peasants into a threshing-floor; a most appro-
priate use, after driving their plough over the spots where
temples and public buildings once stood ! In the eastern
part of the plain, to the N.E. of the stadium, I found the
remains of a small square building, probably a temple; in
the centre of it was a well-constructed arched vault, like
that at Azani, surrounded by massive foundations, intended
loading ...