KOYAL TOMBS OF THE 1st DYNASTY.
duplicate of the left-hand side of tablet B. T. i.
xi. 14 and xv. 16.
5. A fragment of tablet of the same style as
B. T. i. xl. 6.
6. A fragment which might by the work
belong to B. T. i. xi. 5.
7. A group of bows and arrows was found in
one of the private graves west of that of Den.
The bows are formed of two long straight horns
of the oryx, fastened together by a tapered
plug of wood in the cores ; doubtless binding
round the horns secured them from splitting.
The wooden plug is seen just below the two top
horns. The arrows are long bone points set in
reed shafts, with a notch for the bow-string cut
just below a knot in the reed.
8—13. Fragments of carved Avood now car-
bonized were found in the tomb of Den. No. 13
shows the shoulder and arm of the king grasp-
ing a group of emblems, including a ring and a
dad sign : or possibly the hand held a staff, and
a group of lotus flowers stood before the king
as on the slab of Men-kau-hor in Paris.
"v 14. A piece of ivory inlay has the sign ankh
upon it, of which half the bow and one end of
the tie remain.
15. A bull's leg in ivory shows a clumsier
style than that of the reign of Zer (viA. 7).
16. A perfect jar of slate, found in grave
T 5, has two signs upon it, which are similar
to those on the pottery.
IT. Several signs are scratched upon ala-
baster : a group of three neter signs can alone
23. Pl. VIII. 1—4. Some weathered ivory
labels were picked up by our workmen from the
loose rubbish that had been thrown out of
tombs. Four of these are of King Qa, No. 3
being repeated in drawing in pl. xii. 6. It will
be seen how the name sen on these has the sign
of breath (the nose) as a determinative. From
a comparison of these tablets the separate
groups can be cleared up, when the serious
study of these inscriptions is undertaken.
5. This piece of a tablet appears to be of
King Mersekha—Semempses, as it is a duplicate
of that found last year, figured in B. T. i. xii. 1
and xvii. 26.
6. Inscription on stone bowl; compare B. T.
i. viii. 9.
7. Inscription on stone bowl, joining that
published in B. T. i. ix. 10.
8—10. Inscriptions of Hotep-ahaui on stone
bowls. These show that the signs are not selc-
hem, as was supposed from the engraving on the
statue No. 1, Cairo Museum ; but from the open
tops these must be aha. In no case on the
sealings showing the sehhem sign (pis. xxiii.,
xxiv.) is the top divided in this manner. The
name of the tomb is given as " the house of the
Ka of the Horus Hotep-ahaui."
11. On this piece—found like the Nos. 8—'
13 in the tomb of Perabsen—we see another
tomb name, which is probably a fuller form of
that above named, but which might belong to
either of the following kings : it reads " the
house of the Ka of : . . . called Neteralchet "or
" the divine glory." This is approaching the
type of the pyramid names of the Old Kingdom.
12. A piece of a bowl of grey volcanic rock,
originally inscribed for " the palace of the
Horus Ra-neb called Sa-ha . . . ." This name
is of the same type as those of the palaces of
kings Qa (Sa-ha-neb), and king Hotep-ahaui
(Sa-ha-Jca). This inscription has been erased
by his successor; showing that this was not
inscribed for the tomb, but for the palace, and
so left in use till the next reign. The later,
inscription is of the king Neteren, the third of
those on statue No. 1. From this we see that
this bowl was used for the king's " washing
every day," like the bowls and jars for the
king's hands, pl. v. 13, 14, xii. 1, xxv. 1.
13. Another piece of bowl was carefully
inscribed for king Neteren. The presence of
the boat here alone, and the instances of specific
use of bowls which we have just noted, suggests
that the boat inscriptions on bowls show that