Whittock, Nathaniel
The Art Of Drawing And Colouring From Nature, Flowers, Fruit, And Shells: To Which Is Added, Correct Directions For Preparing The Most Brilliant Colours For Painting On Velvet, With The Mode Of Using Them, Also The New Method Of Oriental Tinting ; With Plain And Coloured Drawings — London, 1829

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The subject selected for the introductory lesson is a sprig of jas-
mine, which will be found a very easy and pleasing drawing. The
pencil must be held very lightly between the fingers, at some distance
from the point, as it will be impossible to make light, graceful curved
lines, if the pencil is not suffered to act freely, or if the hand is
cramped. The centre line of the sprig must be first drawn very lightly,
with a graceful bend; and as the beauty of the whole drawing will
depend on the correct formation of this line, it should be drawn four
or five times over, if the line first drawn is not satisfactory. When
the centre line is drawn, form another to shew the thickness of the
stem, taking care to let it join the line first formed in a point at the
top. In forming these lines, or any others in the first light sketch,
there will be no necessity for using indian rubber, as it spoils the
smooth surface of the paper or Bristol board, and can easily be taken
out after the drawing is tinted. On the lines first drawn make small
points or dots to shew where the stalks of the leaves branch from.
Do not begin the branches on either side till the mind is quite satis-
fied that the distances are marked correctly, as it is much easier to
make a dozen dots than one line; and if the learner accustoms his eye
to admeasurement of the distances of one part from the other, in the
early lessons, it will greatly facilitate the correct delineation of more
difficult subjects. From the points marked on the centre line draw
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