Glasgow Archaeological Society   [Hrsg.]
The Antonine Wall report: being an account of excavations, etc., made under the direction of the Glasgow Archæological Society during 1890 - 93 — Glasgow, 1899

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the antonine wall report.


of the bottom course. No lime has been detected in the
composition of the roadway.

The outlook from the height on which this section stands, or
from the outer mound opposite, is most extensive. From it can
be seen westward the top of the second ridge of Croy, on
which No. 8 section stands. It also commands a view of the
Roman station at Westerwood to the cast. An eminence rising
at points to close on 400 feet above sea level lies in front to the
northward, descending with great rapidity (about a quarter of a
mile north of the vallum) into the wide valley of the Kelvin,
which, at this point, it entirely hides from view. The Lennox
Hills are visible along almost their whole range, including the
Kilpatrick, Campsie, and Kilsyth Fells. Eastward along the
undulating valley there is a good view of the lowT-lying water-
shed of the Forth and Clyde, from which the Kelvin flows
Clydeward, while the Bonny and other tributaries of the Carron
flow east towards the Forth.

Croy Houses.

From the corner of the stone dyke onward towards the
shepherd's house at Croy Houses there is a kind of plateau.
There the vallum entirely disappears, as the ground on which
it stood is now arable. But the ditch, too stern to yield
to agriculture, still remains, and for over 50 yards a very
rugged and striking piece of work it is. Its sides consist
of very large stones of the size and type already so often
described as forming the face of the scarp or lying in
the bottom. They are 5 feet, 6 feet, and 8 feet long, by 4 or
more in breadth. The outer mound is broad, never extending
less than 45 feet from the counterscarp, and swelling out to
60 and even 70 feet. It is distinctly flat, never high or steep,
except at the eastmost part, next the stone dyke corner, where
it swells to a rather proriiinent height. At its northern extremity,
it reaches the natural level, with a fall usually very slight and
sometimes imperceptible.

Shortly before reaching Croy Houses, there occurs a pheno-
menon, apparently unique in the whole course of the great
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