Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1896-1897

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


tectural subjects, in an illustrated article containing several noteworthy
observations (Rev. Arch. xxix. p. 279).

Steindorff (A. Z. xxxiv. 107) writes a short article on the corre-
spondence of the principal parts of a temple and tomb with those recog-
nized by Borchardt in the plans of the houses of Kahun and of the palace
of Tell el Amarna.

Borchardt (ibid. 122) deals with the same subject in describing
the temple of Luxor, of which ho gives the architectural history. The
principal cause of the remarkable change of axis in Barneses' addition of
the hypostyle court is the position of a chapel of Thothrnes III. in the
direct central line. Behind the site of this court of Barneses, Amen-
hetep III. had projected and commenced a great basilica hall, with nave
and aisles supported by columns. This was unfinished at his death, and
the nave alone completed summarily by Tutankhamen. The article is
full of excellent observation, and promises well for the future study
of Egyptian architecture. Unfortunately, during its recent excavation,
the ruins of the upper part of this temple were thrown into the river, so
that little can now be ascertained about the method of roofing and
lightiug employed. It is to be hoped that future excavators will bear
this lesson in mind.

In Sit*, b. d. Komgl Akad. zu Berlin (1896, p. 1199), Borchardt
also reports upon the architectural condition of the temple buildings
at Bhilae. In A. Z. (xxxiv. G9) he gives two mason's drafts, one of a
column from the great temple of Bhilae, and one of a cornice at Edf'u :
both of these are Btolemaic. The latter was probably for the great
pylon ; the former was for a certain column on the east side of the
outer court. He also notes an ellipse described on a wall of the
Luxor temple.

In the former journal (1897, p. 752) Borchardt likewise sets forth some
most important evidence bearing on the date of the Great Sphinx.
The ribbing of the royal headdress is of the style which he shows to be
peculiar to statues belonging to the Middle Kingdom. This general
date may probably bo narrowed down to the end of the Xllth Dynasty,
and possibly all the statues in question may represent Amenemhat III.,
one of the most active kings in monumental work. Borchardt, further,
supports in part Bissing's valuable observation, that the use of eye-
paint in prolonging the lines of the eye is not indicated under the early
Old Kingdom, but admits that it is occasionally found in the Vlth
Dynasty. He also states that sphinxes did not in early times represent
deities but kings, and that the Gizeh Museum statues of Old Kingdom
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