Progress of Egyptology.
History Museum at South Kensington. Dr. Durst lias written a very
interesting monograph on the cattle of Babylonia, Assyria, and Egypt,
Die Hinder von Babylonien Assyrien und Aegypten. For Egypt he
considers that (1) the bovine animal on the slate palettes is a buffalo of
the type of the wild buffalo which he recognizes in old Babylonian sculpture
(p. 7). (2) The " wild ox " hunted by the ancient Egyptians is, by the
evidence of colour, only the domesticated animal run wild or let loose.
He deals with the uses of the cattle in Egypt for fattening, milk, and
labour, also for fighting, and their worship as sacred animals. They can
be classified as long horns, short horns (in the New Kingdom often with
hump), and hornless ("polled"), with subdivisions; but the differences are
not very essential, and probably all the cattle are derived from one species.
See also by the same writer a memoir Sur quelques bovides prShistoriques
in L'Anthropologic, 1900, 129.
Db. G-. Thilenius of Strasburg writing on the evolution of the fat tail
in Ovis platyura,—Inter nation. Monatsheft fur Anatomie und Physiologie,
Band xvii.,—deals largely with the Egyptian breeds of sheep shown on the
monuments. He refers to Keller's recent identification of the early
Egyptian sheep with horizontal horns as derived from the native wild
Barbary sheep (0. tragelaphus). The Ammon-horned sheep, appearing
only later from the Middle Kingdom onwards, came from 0. Arkal,
through Mesopotamia, and are apparently fat-tailed. Breeds of
tragelaphus-sheep are still found in the Sudan and Central Africa, and in
the Western Sudan seem identical with the ancient Egyptian form; but
probably they had been replaced in all the northern lands of Africa by the
Asiatic sheep several centuries b.c. In those lands the Asiatic breed has
developed a special form of tail which may be due to intermixture with the
Beni Hasan iv. (seventh memoir of The Archaeological Survey), contains
large coloured figures of three types of dogs, a cat, shrike, hoopoe, clucks, &c.
W. L. Nash publishes objects in the forms of the fishes Lotus niloticus,
bolti and binni; P. 8. B, A., xxi. 311. Ib. xxii. 163, he also publishes
figures of the oxyrhynchus with Mr. Boulenger's drawings from life of the
same fish and of the binni. Towey White, ib. xxii. 116, publishes
another fish figure.
Newbeeey identifies and illustrates the representation of the fruit of
the persea tree in Egyptian art; P. 8. B. A., xxi. 303 ; gives illustrated
notes on the cornflower and the poppy; writes on a plant-name which he
reads nefu (rather dau?) and identifies with the Sudanese nufu, Cyperus
escidentus, and on the stringing of dried figs —all ib. xxii. 142.