Pkogeess of Egyptology.
Vegetus,33 and also reviews recent publications from a juristic point of
view.34 On these legal mysteries it is advisable for the layman to preserve
Another instalment of W. Otto's exhaustive work on the priesthoods in
Hellenistic Egypt has appeared as a University thesis,35 and will shortly
be published in the second volume of the complete treatise. It deals with
the social position of the priests in respect of property and education. In
both respects Otto assigns them a middle position ; they were comfortably
provided for, but not plutocrats, fairly well educated, but without the
profundity of learning which the ancients were fond of attributing to-
them. As before, the work is very full and thoroughly documented, and
the author has had the advantage of using advance proofs of the second
volume of the Tebtunis Papyri, and has in turn communicated the proofs
of his own volume to Messrs. Grenfell and Hunt.
In the department of palaeography, special mention must be made of a
handbook by Schubart on book production (Buchwesen) among the Greeks
and Eomans.30 No one in Germany is in a better position than the
curator of the Greek papyri in the Berlin Museum to deal with this
subject, and especially with the new evidence by which the conclusions of
Birt, Gardthausen, and Wattenbach can be supplemented and corrected.
Written as a handbook for the general public, it is wholly without notes
or references, and elementary explanations are given at considerable
length; but every page gives evidence of a full and accurate knowledge of
the subject, and there will be very few students who will not find that
they have something to learn from it. A page or two of bibliography,
though, would have added considerably to its usefulness for students,
without making it less attractive to the general public. As it is primarily
intended for visitors to the Berlin Museum, its examples are rightly taken,
so far as possible, from papyri in that collection.
Part V. of the New Palaeographical Society's publications31 contains
reproductions of the Berlin papyrus of the commentary on Plato's
Theaclctus (a fine specimen of papyrus book-production worthy of more
interesting contents), and the fragment of the KearoL of Julius Africanus
from Oxyrhymchus. Both have been previously7 published elsewhere, but
were too important palaeographically to be omitted from a publication
dealing specially with that science.
Bibliography during the past year has been in the hands of Wilcken
and Viereck. Wilcken, in the Archiv,3* gives a full classified bibliography
of the publications of the last three years, together with reviews of eleven
of the more important volumes or articles (notably Hibeh Papyri I). It