Progress of Egyptology.
wrapped: Barneses IV., bald-headed, plundered and re-wrapped, the
eye-balls represented by onions : Barneses V., young, showing signs of
small-pox, plundered: Barneses VI., not beyond middle-age, plundered and
much destroyed, Bull, tie I'Inst. vc. ser. i. 45; and very interesting notes
on the mummies left in the tomb of Amenhotp II., viz. that of the king
himself, and three others, a man, a woman and a boy. " Like all other
known adult Egyptian men, Amenhotp II. was circumcised" : but the
boy, about 11 years of age, was not. ib. 221.
W. A. Schmidt, of the Cairo School of Medicine, has investigated the
chemical condition of Egyptian mummies. He finds that the preserving
material is salt. Though other substances may have been employed by the
embalmers, the preservation of the mummies was solely due to the dry
atmosphere and the pickling in salt. Blood and albuminoids had
completely lost their reactions. Zeits.f. allgemeine Physiologic, vii. 369.
Lefebure discusses the appearance of the camel in Egypt. He finds
rare instances in the Pharaonic age, while the animal was plentiful in
Roman times. Actes XIV. Congr. ii. 24.
In the famous Meidum painting the geese represented are Anscr
alhifrons, cinereus, sylvestris, and Branta rujicollis. Only the first of these is
now common in Egypt, the other three are practically unknown to the
modern fauna. Gaillard, Rev. jfigi/ptologique, xii. 212.
Suggestions for identifying certain Egyptian plant names. Eonahn,
O.L.Z. x. 641.
It may be mentioned, for its importance in connection with the introduc-
tion of cereals into Egypt, that a further report on Aaronsoiin's discovery
of the wild emmer-corn (Triticum dicoccoides) in the Hermon district of
Lebanon, by Sciiweinfurth and Ascherson, is printed in Berichten d.
Deutschen Botanischer Gesellschaft, 1908, p. 309; see also, above p. 22.
M. L. Cayeux finds some examples of paving from Karnak to be
microcline (or arragonite): moulds made of talc: beads from the Dahshur
treasure of turcpioise, microcline, lapis-lazuli, and glazed pottery: and
moulds of serpentine. Aim. viii. 116.
In the discussion on a paper by W. Belck on the first discoverers of
iron-working (on which the author endeavoured to trace the spread of
iron-working through Western Asia, and appears to have shown that it
was there first known in the south-west, in Philistia), Blanckeniiorn
and others put forth the claims of Egypt to be a very early home of the
industry, and Von Lusciiax argues for its origin in Central Africa, with
Egypt as its conductor to the Mediterranean world. Zeits. f. Mhnol, 1907