Progress of Egyptology.
Prof. Dr. Kurt Sethe has been made Professor ordinarius in Gottingen,
and Prof. Dr. Borchardt, director of the German Institut fiir aegyptische
Alterthumskunde in Cairo.
We regret to have to record the death of E. Lefebure in April, 1908, at
Alger, where he held a professorship in the University. He was in his
70th year. As yet the only obituary notice we have met with is a brief
one in Sphinx, xi. 247.
A bibliography of Prof. G. Sciiweinfurth, Vcroffcntlichtc Briefe,Aufsatze
unci Werlcc, 1860-1907. The veteran explorer has added in MS. two items
on p. 4 under the date 1884: Ein Besuch auf Socotra, Freiburg, 1884, and
Ber. dcr D. Naturfbrschcr unci Aerzte, 1884 ( Wcstcrmann's Monatschrif).
A collection of popular articles charmingly written by Professor
Maspero to interest the readers of the Journal des Debats in Egyptian
discovery, and dating from 1893 to 1907, is gathered in his Causeries
d'Bgyptc. With them may be associated one from Lc Temps on ' fishing
for statues in the temple of Karnak,' reprinted in Bcv. Arch. xi. 93.
Two volumes of the Bibliotheque Egyptologiquc have appeared within the
year. The first is of unusual importance, commencing the collection of
(Euvres diverses of the Vte. Em. de Eouge. The biography by Prof. Maspero
fills 156 pages, and is of great interest for the light it throws on the
early workers in Egyptology in the days almost immediately following
Champollion's death. De Eouge began his Egyptian studies in or about
1836, but it was not till ten years later that he made his first appearance
in print with a review of Bunsen's Acgyptcns Stelle in der Weltgcschichte.
Thenceforward he continued to publish admirably careful and methodical
as well as brilliant work, which justly earned him the title of the second
founder of Egyptology in France. In 1849 he became Conservateur
honoraire of the Egyptian Museum in the Louvre; in 1860 he succeeded
Ch. Lexormant in the chair of Archaeology at the College de France,
originally created for Ciiamfollion, and now transformed into a chair of
Egyptian Philology and Archaeology. By this time Mariette, Chabas,
and Deveria bad all proved their excellence as Egyptologists in various
ways and degrees. Born in 1811, De Eouge died at the end of December,
1871, his death being hastened by the national disasters and anxieties of
the previous year. It will be recollected that his son, M. Jacques de
Eouge, has done some notable work in Egyptology. The volume contains
further ten letters and essays dating from 1846-9. (The Notice biographiquc
is issued also separately with a portrait of the master).
The other volume contains the Oeuvres diverses of P. J. de Horrack.
Ly birth an Austrian, he became a pupil of Cbabas, but business occupa-