Egypt Exploeation Eund.
called " words said when one comes near the first hell." It is not found in
this form in the Book of the Dead. It has some likeness to chap. 142, and
consists of sentences taken from various chapters. The following is a
very rare version of chap. 145, the chapter of the " pylons," of which there
are only three. Then the negative confession of chap. 125 covers the
end of the wall.
On the right, the inscriptions run in the opposite direction. They
begin at the lower end of the passage and go up towards the entrance.
On the top of the wall is the series of the vignettes of chap. 17,
beginning as usual with the representation of the Ament, and of the
draught-player. But the text does not correspond with the vignettes.
Under the first instead of chap. 17 we find chap. 1, which is complete.
Chap. 17 begins only after it, and is not finished at the entrance.
This disorder in the texts shows that the monument was not originally
intended for a royal tomb, and was only appropriated by Menephtah, who
wished to have a burial place for his ha near the sanctuary of Osiris, and
perhaps near the god's tomb.
Let us hope that another campaign will reveal what is the true nature
and purpose of this extraordinary construction, and whether it is the tomb
wokk in the cemeteeies.
"We began work in the great south cemetery of Abydos among a mass
of vaulted brick tombs of the late dynastic period. In the course of this
work we came across a number of shaft-tombs of about the Vlth Dynasty,
which were all extremely poor and yielded very few finds. In two cases
there were very small brick mastabas, one of which was hollow and had a
gable roof formed by placing two rows of bricks in such a way as to lean
against each other, while the other was solid. This latter had a limestone
stela of a certain Heri-ib built into its east side flush with the brickwork,
but with the inscribed face turned inwards and so not visible. There were
no signs of superstructure in any other cases, but it is natural to suppose
that, if such ever existed, they were destroyed during the time of
plundering or by the construction of the elaborate vaulted tombs of the
These can be dated to the Ptolemaic period and to the era immediately
preceding it. They are rectangular in shape, entered by an arched