Progress of Egyptology.
comprises a bibliographical introduction; but a third livraison is to
Debod, etc. The temples of Taifa Kertassi and Debod, with scattered
inscriptions and graffiti in this region, and notes on churches and other
ancient buildings, are published in Boeder's Debod lis Bah Kalabsche.
The minute description, with full and interesting references to the
accounts of earlier explorers, occupies one volume, and photographs and
hand-facsimiles a second volume. Spiegelberg treats the scanty demotic
inscriptions in a brief chapter, and Zucker edits the Greek texts, very
numerous at Kertassi, in a special volume. The Egyptian graffiti include
those of Ulazkere, Haabre-Antef, and Tirhaqa. The site of Tzitzis or Titis
is fixed at Kertassi.
Elephantine. Collation of inscriptions built into the quay with trans-
lation of the decree, the text of which is much improved. E. J. Sphinx,
Thebes. Erman publishes a fine tablet set up in gratitude to Ammon
in a temple of Tethmosis IV. on the west bank and now in the Berlin
Museum, and appends a series of similar texts from stelae of the New
Kingdom in the British Museum and Turin. All were found in the
Theban necropolis, and record either answers to prayers by various
deities, or confessions of sin along with a petition that the penalty
inflicted—blindness or other—may be removed. These stelae reveal
among the lower ranks of the people the intimate piety which is trace-
able also elsewhere in Egyptian writings from the time of Akhenaton
Coptos. Six decrees of the Old Kingdom discovered by Weill and
Beinach in 1910-11 (supplemented by others previously known of the
same period from Abydos and Dahshur respectively), are the subject
of an elaborate memoir by the former, which goes far to remove the
difficulties of their interpretation. One is of the reign of Pepy I., three
are of Pepy II., one of Uazkare, and one of ISTeferkauhor. The last two
kings must be placed between the Vlth and the Xth Dynasties, and may be
supposed to have been the successors of Pepy I. Weill traces in the
privileges and immunities granted to temples by such decrees the im-
poverishment and eventual downfall of the Memphite line of kings.
Les decrets royaux de I'ancien empire jfigyptien, reviewed by Wreszinski,
O.L.Z. xv. 363.
Saqqara. In 1905 Bissing commenced the publication of the Vth
Dynasty tomb of Kagemni or " Gemnikai" at Saqqara. The first volume
contained the general plan and fine photographs of the entrance hall and