Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1911-1912

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Archaeology Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


collection of texts and translations of the Legends of the Gods in the series
of Books on Egypt and Ghaldaea.

Sethe has written an essay touching on the ground of Junker's
reconstruction of a myth of Tefenis noticed in the last Report, p. 43.
Starting from the earliest religious texts, Sethe shows that the supposed
myth is pieced together from the results of late syncretism, but that no
such uniformity as Junker imagines belonged to the different local
worships concerned in it. Sethe substitutes for Junker's myth of Tefenis
that of " the eye of the sun in the foreign land," and explains the idea
underlying it to be the driving away of the sun's light by clouds and its
speedy return to Egypt, the " Sun's eye" taking the form of different
deities in different localities. Needless to say that the work is full of
good and ingenious philological remarks. Zur altaegyptischen Sage vom
Sonnenauge das in der Fremde war (Sethe's Untersucliungen, v. 3).

An excellent monograph, der Opfertanz der Aegyptischen Kbnigs, on the
ceremonial dances of the king so often represented on the walls and gates
of temples, is clue to a new- writer, Herman Kees. The king is seen
running towards the deity bearing various symbols; Kees divides them
into the bird-dance, the vase-dance, the oar-dance, and the hebsed dance.
A full collection of the accompanying texts is given and a series of the
most instructive representations. It is the first time that the subject has
been attacked in detail, and it must be confessed that much of it still
remains obscure.

Moret has printed an interesting lecture on the subject of Mystercs
Egyptiens, the tilcnu, the Osirian mysteries, etc., with illustrations.

The Journal of the Manchester Oriental Society, 1911, is largely
occupied with very instructive papers from a number of well-known
contributors—Dr. Elliot Smith, A. H. Gardiner, the late H. W. Ho™",
founder and president of the Society, whose death all who knew him
deeply deplore, Dr. L. W. King, and others—on the heart and kidneys in
mummiheation and in the literature of the Near and Far East. The
importance attached to the "heart and reins" is shown to have been
especially great in Egypt, Palestine, and Mesopotamia. In Egypt they
were generally left in place in the body while the other organs were
separately embalmed.

Bissing explains the ghostly lea, which he writes Jcai, as the being that
belongs to the lea or " food" which it receives. Versuch einer neuen
erkldrung des Jcai, Sitzb. Bavarian Acad. 1911, 3. On Boeder's article
upon the God Seth in Boscher's Lexicon, id. Bee. dc Trav. xxxiv. 23; on
the Osiris myth as illustrating apotheosis by drowning, id. ib. 37.
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