Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1911-1912

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Progress of Egyptology.

Mr. Bell has continued his publication of translations of some of the
Aphrodito papyri (see last year's Eeport, no. 7).22

Finally Dr. Schubart has published two Ptolemaic inscriptions,23 of
which one is of interest for the official titles mentioned in it, while the
other is a dedication by a society of youths attached to an Osireion at

The most important work of the year based upon the papyri, other than
text-publications, is Lesquier's elaborate study of the Ptolemaic army.24
Well written, and based upon a sound knowledge of the evidence, it goes
as far towards providing a definite history of the subject as is possible
where the evidence is as incomplete as it is in this case. On the vexed
subject of the military status of the "cleruchs" or allotment-holders,
Lesquier arrives independently at the same conclusion as that adopted by
Wilcken in his Chrestomathie: namely, that they were soldiers of the
regular army, not serving with the colours, but liable to be recalled to
them in case of need. They were, in fact, in the position of the modern
reservists, who are called out on mobilisation to bring up the army from
its peace to its war footing.

Cantarelli has continued his useful publication of the list of the prefects
of Egypt25 (see Eeport for 1907-08, no. 30); the second part covers the
period from Diocletian to Theodosius (a.d. 284-395). All such lists
require supplementing from time to time, as fresh evidence is brought to
light; but this list forms an indispensable basis for future work.

Publications of a juristic character include a long Munich papyrus of
the Byzantine period (evidently of the group of documents from Syene,
of which several are in the British Museum), consisting of an appointment
of an executrix, with bequest of property to her. The text is edited by
Wenger,20 who adds a commentary, and who also gives, in the same
periodical,27 a note on the formulae of oaths in the Arab period. Partsch
(in addition to reviews of Gelzer's Siudien, Maspero's Cairo Catalogue,
and Pappulias' study of the evolution of the appafiwp, or deposit-payment)28
has published two long articles of a juristic character, one29 dealing with
some of the texts published by Maspero, and the other30 with the history
of negotiable paper (such as the modern cheque), as illustrated by the
papyri. A legal document of a much earlier period is that which Gerhard
has reconstructed31 out of Brit. Mus. Pap. 612 and Heidelberg Pap. 1280,.
with the assistance of Brit. Mus. Pap. 611, which supplies part of the
conclusion from another copy of the same text. Gerhard adds a full

Prof. Costa continues his papyro-juridical studies in the Hendiconte of
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