Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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Thus far Sir W. Chambers. An observa-
tion or two more, and I finish the subject.

First. The appearance of columns is
often varied by adding rusticated cinctures
at equal or other distances to a column ;
this is a modern invention, gives a very
unnatural appearance, and disguises the
noble figure of the column. Rustic work
is with greater propriety, and better effect,
introduced into large entrances, parks,
and gardens ; also into grottos, baths, or
fountains, where an irregular and roughap-
pearance better suits the place and pur-?
pose. Le Clerc observes these kind of
rustic ornaments are never to be imitated,
excepting in the gates of citadels or pri-?
sons, in order to render these entrances
more frightful and disagreeable.

The flutings of columns are sometimes
wrought round or spirally on the column ;
there is an ancient example of this, in a
small temple below Trevi in Italy, the plan
and elevation of which are given us by
Palladio ; where, of four columns in front,
two have the flutings spirally, and the two
center ones are wrought with leaves on the
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