Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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CAT CIR 103

figures of the male sex are used, they
are called Persians or Parses.

Catadrome, an engine of the ancients,
like a crane, used to raise great weights.

CavjEdium, an open court, or void space
within the hody of a house.

Cavetto, a concave moulding of one
quarter of a circle. See Plate 8.

Caulicoli, the little twists or volutes
under the flower on the abacus in the
Corinthian capital, represent the twisted
tops of the acanthus stalks ; are called
also Helices,

Cell, in an ancient temple! is the in-
closed space within the walls.

Cincture, a ring, list, or fillet, at the
top and bottom of the shaft of the co-.
lumn ; that at the bottom is called Apo-
phyge ; the top one is called Annulet, or
Astragal,

Circus, the length of the Circus maximm
was three stadia, (or furlongs), and a
half; the breadth a little more than one
stadium ; so that the extreme circum-
ference was more than one mile. In
the middle, for almost the whole length,
was a wall, called Spina, twelve feet
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