Atkinson, Thomas [Mitarb.]
Excavations at Phylakopi in Melos — London, 1904

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THE POTTERY.

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above bed rock. The lowest half-metre of the trial trench contained several
hundred fragments of it, almost entirely unmixed with any other kind of
wäre ; in the succeeding lialf-metres it became less and less prcdominant.
Tlie excavations of the following year did not add much to our knowledge.
In one place where the rock was reached in the immediate vicinity of the
trial trench, we again found a large quantity of the same pottery. But we did
notascertain how far it extended, as the main part of our woiklay elsewhere.

This find may be taken to prove that the site was inhabited before the
construction of the earliest buildings represented on Mr. Atkinson's plan.
The remains were certainly the remains of habitation and not of burial.
There was no trace of graves or of human bones.

The pottery was hand-made, of very conrse, imperfectly baked clay,
usually with a burnished surface, l'ed or brown. Unfortunately it was in such
a shattered condition that no illustrations of it can be given, and, to fill the
blank, I am obliged to fall back on some similar examples from the neighbouring
cemetery of Pelos (r. infra), The types that could be recognized are as
follows :—

]. Jars with wide funnel-like necks narrowing towards the top, spreading

Shoulders with two or four suspension-handles (either attached separately
_or pinched out of the sides), and sntall bases, flattened or slightly concave
"(Fig. 67, cf. J.H.S. 1884, p. 54, B.S.Ä., Vol. III. pp. 44, 45, 'Etp. 'APX., 1898,
PI. IX., 1 ff). This characteristic type was very common. There were
instauces of horizontal handles as well as of the usual vertical ones, and in
some cases the rim was turned slightly outwards (cf. p. 85).

It is quite likely that some of the fragments belonged to pyxides of the
same shape as 1, but without the high neck (Fig. CS, cf. 'E<£. 'Ap%., 1898,
PI. IX., 34), although, as it happened, no ccrtain example of this type was
found in the most primitive class of pottery.

2. Vases of the same shape as 1, with the addition of a hollow foot
(Fig. 69, cf. 'E<f>. 'Apx-, 1898, PI. IX. 6). These were certainly much less
common.

3. Cyl'mdrical pyxides with lids (Fig. 70, cf. 'Ecf>. 'APX., 1898, PI. IX. 31).
These also were comparatively rare.

4. Shallow plates with rounded rims curved slightly inwards, flattened
bases, and long horizontal suspension-handles below the rim.

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