Atkinson, Thomas [Mitarb.]
Excavations at Phylakopi in Melos — London, 1904

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THE POTTERY.

163

and black ' fragment; there was also a fair amount of lustrous-faced pottery.
It is worth mentioning also that each of the latter two layers contained a
Kamares fragment.

Painted geometric wäre of the types discussed in Sects. 6 and 7 was
still common in the seventh and eighth half-metres, but after this it became
scarcer and scarcer. The seventh layer contained also a good many frag-
ments of the black polished bowls mentioned on p. 154. In the same layer
was found some of the pottery of Sect. 3, and this now begins to predominate.
The coarser cist-tomb pottery of Sect. 2 made its first appearance in the
eighth layer, became more common as the trench deepened, and finally had
the last layer, or the thirteenth half-metre, practically to itself.

As regards the floor levels in this trial trench, the first occurred at a
depth of 30 cm. below the surface, the second at 1 m. 20 cm., a third at
2 m. 40 cm.; below this again a wall ended at a depth of 4 m. 40 cm., and
still another wall went down to 5 m.; lower than this there was no trace of
stone construction. Though the pottery lay thicker at some levels than at
others, yet there was a good supply of it all the way down. These facts are
a strong confirmation of the view which has already been put forward, viz.,
that the site continued to be inhabited without a break thronghout the
Bronze age. They also show how complicated are the architectural remains
and how necessary it is not to apply too rigidly the division into Ist, 2nd,
and 3rd Settlements.

The resnlts of the trial trench in E 3 are not worth recapitulating at
length. There was a comparative scarcity of painted local wäre of the later
period and an entire lack of the more primitive cist-tomb wäre, but in other
respects the stratification did not differ from that of the eastern trench.

In order to emphasize the above remarks and to give some examples of
the data on which they are founded I have in conclusion selected from my
notebooks a few brief descriptions of typical basketfuls from various depths
and from various parts of the site.

F and G,1 0-1 m.—400 fragments of ' imported M3'cenaean'; 9 painted fragments of later local

wäre ; a few late eups and 100 fragments of pithoi and other coarse wäre.
E,1 0-1 m.—60 fragments 'imported Mycenaean '; 2 painted fragments of later Melian ;

2 cups and a few large fragments.
H 2, 2-3 m.—No 'imported Mycenaean' ; a good deal of the wäre of Sect. 9 ; good deal of

geometric wäre, including some beaked jugs and some mat-impressions.
J 1, 210 3'10 m.—Chielly geometric wäre; a few ' panelled cups,'beaked jug with griffin

(PI. XIV. 2), and pieces of coarse, flat bowls like XXXIII. 10.
J 2, 3-3'50 m.—One or two fragments of ' imported Mycenean,' but chielly later Melian wäre,

■ pcdestal-vases,' eto, ; fragment of (Jypriote vase (Fig. 148); globular jug like those

from shaft-graves at Mycenae ; small jug like XXXV. 9.
Q 2, 2*90 m.—Ware of Sect. 9 and also a good deal of ' Kamares.1

R,1 340 m. — Geometric wäre, including pithos fragments and beaked jug ; bowl like XXXIII. 3

some wure of Sect. 9 and some ' Kamares.'
H 2, 3*10-4*50 (First settlement).—Kntirely geometric pottery.

J 2, 4'70 m —(First settlement).—Geometric pottery and wäre of Sect. 3 ; nothing later.

1 The Squares on the plan were originally into the latter System I am obliged in some
numbered A, B, etc. and not A 1, A 2, etc. Not cases to cite from the old numbering.
having any key for Converting the former

M 2
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