the natural slope re-emerges. It is very rough, being literally
strewn with large stones akin in character and dimensions to
those described as found about the fosse. Lying on the steep
slope, they give the place a very wild and picturesque appearance.
The military way climbs the ridge of Croy Hill close to the
line of the vallum—that is to say, a few yards to the south of it.
The other road, already referred to as making a junction in the
hollow, has rough whinstone and freestone kerbs, and has a
bottoming of the same type with a super-imposed layer of smaller
stones. It is now covered by only about 4 inches of soil.
About 40 yards west of this section (No. 9), the vallum and
fosse, with an obvious angle, change their course to a more
directly westerly direction, and about 80 yards further the top
of a plateau is reached, at the extremity of which section Croy
No. 10 is situated. From the angle caused by the change of the
course, the fosse begins to take a lower line than the vallum, and
the two do not re-unite on the normal terms of relative equality
of level for a long distance onwards till the last ridge of Croy
Hill is left behind.
Ceoy.—Section No. 10.
[Only vallum sectioned.]
This cutting is 478 feet west of section 9, and 171 feet east of
another stone dyke, and occupies the highest point of the third
ridge of Croy, having in front a precipitous rock face, at the foot
of which is the fosse considerably below. The stone base is 2 feet
6 inches below the present surface. The kerbs are of the dolerite
of the hill, and the distance between their outer faces is 14 feet.
The bottoming is of rough stones as usual. The soil is red earth.
The layers are well expressed, there being six black lines on the
south side, though only four of them can be traced across to the
north. One of them, very black, rests on the stone bottom. A
sample of it, on analysis, was found to contain 25'92 of vegetable
matter. At the south side, a dense-black thin line, found on
analysis to contain 4'88 per cent, of vegetable matter, has the
whitish clayey substance immediately above and below it. The