Glasgow Archaeological Society [Hrsg.]
The Antonine Wall report: being an account of excavations, etc., made under the direction of the Glasgow Archæological Society during 1890 - 93 — Glasgow, 1899

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The top o£ the counterscai'p is 7 feet lower than the top of the
scarp. The outer mound, full of stones, falls slightly from the
edge of the counterscarp. This continues for 60 feet; then, with
a quick dip of 5 feet in 20, the natural level is attained.

Between this and section No. 4 (613 yards west of section
No. 3), a cutting has been made in the outer mound showing
it to consist of a brownish earth, full of stones of varying sizes,
but none of them very large.

Bare, Hill.—Section No. 4.

Westward from section No. 3 along the line of the vallum,
the ground is on a slow descent, the lowest point of which, about
234 feet above sea level, is reached in the bed of a small open
drain or watercourse at present (July, 1891) quite dry. Section
No. 4 is about 80 yards west of this, or 613 feet west of section
3. From the stream-bed in question there is a rise to section
No. 4 of about 45 feet—this being the commencement of the
very considerable ascent of Castlehill, which is the second and
higher ridge of Barr Hill. Section 4 is thus between 370 and
380 feet above sea level, and is up about one-third of the ascent
of Castlehill. The vallum is externally quite level with the
adjoining ground, having evidently been purposely so levelled
from agricultural considerations, and the .stone base is 2 feet
9 inches below the present surface. The herbs (their outer faces
being at the normal distance of 14 feet from each other) are of
freestone, that on the south being 14 inches higher in level than
the one on the north side. This is in correspondence with the
lie of the ground, which is here falling heavily northward. The
bottoming is of rough whinstone. A large whinstone block lies
on the top of it, projecting a foot above the level. The berm
is only 15 feet wide, but as the ditch all the way down this hill
bears signs of having fallen in somewhat, this measurement
cannot be taken to represent the original width. The edge of
the berm is on nearly the same level as the surface of the north
kerb. The fosse here has been widened somewhat by a natural
falling in of the scarp for some distance—hence its abnormal
width of 59 feet at this point. It is 13 feet deep, that is, 13 feet
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