Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1894-1895

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Progress of Egyptology.

Alexander is associated with Elagabalus as emperor; and some references
to soldiers of various corps in the Eoman army of occupation (Nos.
455, 462). Notices of several of the parts in Vol. I. have been given
by Krebs4 and Gradenwitz,5 indicating the chief points of interest
in this valuable series of publications.

Articles dealing with the results to be derived from these and other
papyri are not so numerous as in the preceding }rear, but include a few of
some importance. Following up Wilcken's article on the vTro/j,pii/J.aTi<r/Aoi,
mentioned in my last report, Krebs has reprinted, from JSTo. 347 of the
Berlin publication, two extracts from the vn-o/j.vrjfiaTi.a-fxoL of the Roman
high-priest (dpxiepeus), the supreme ecclesiastical authority in Egypt,
showing that the children (probably of the priests only) were brought to
him to receive his authorization, granted only after he had satisfied him-
self that they were free from blemish, before they were admitted to the
rite of circumcision.6 Dr. Viereck has made a valuable contribution to
the economical history of Roman Egypt by a study of the numerous
receipts contained in the Berlin collection, for grants of seed-corn made
by the ctitoXojoi of the village to the cultivators of the Crown lands.7
The regular allowance seems to have been an artaba of corn for an
aroura of land; and the descriptions of the properties throw some light
on the classification and nomenclature of land in the Faiyum, and on the
conditions of its cultivation. The subject needs to be completed by an
examination of the certificates given by the criroXoyoi of the amounts of
corn received by them in return after the harvest, and collected in the
village granary, presumably with the two-fold purpose of supplying seed
for the following year, and of contributing the village's proper quota of
the corn exported annually to Rome. Other studies of Berlin papyri
have been published by P^Collinet,8 on Berl. Pap. 326 (already studied
by Mommsen, see No. 13 in last year's report, and by V. Scialoja in the
Bull, dell' istituto di diritto romano, 1894, p. 1), and by R. Dareste9 on
Berl. Pap. 361—the record, from the v7ro/xvi]/j,aTca-/j,ol of the strategus,
of a suit relating to a disputed, will. The two most important articles
dealing with the papyrus-literature during the past year are, however,
those in which Prof. Wilcken reviews the British Museum Catalogue of
Greek Papyri1" and the Flinders^Pelrie Papyri.11 Prof. Wilcken has
minutely studied the texts in these volumes, with the aid of the
published facsimiles, and his new readings and suggestions deserve the
fullest attention. These articles are, in fact, most useful supplements to
the volumes in question. Mons. M. Berthelot has also published an
article summarizing a few points in connection with the magical papyri
in the British Museum Catalogue.
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