Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1896-1897

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Progress of Egyptology.

Eaillet reconstructs a long genealogy in the family of the priests of
Mentu at Thebes, which may have lasted from the XXIInd to the
XXVIth Dynasty {Bee. de Tr. xviii. 187).

Sl'iegelbeeg has found a reference to the crime of a certain high priest
in the reign of Rameses IX., and regards it as relating to a plot for
power, such as culminated in the rise of the XXIst Dyn., the priestly
dynasty of Thebes {Rcc. de Tr. xix. 91).

Wiedemann comments on the designation of the priesthood of Karnak
under the Ethiopian King Tacimat.

Professor Lincke draws attention to the leading place ascribed to
Cambyses as an evil genius in the stories of the Middle Ages. He
considers that Cambyses was one of the greatest kings that ever ruled
in the East, that he has been systematically maligned by the peoples
whom he conquered; and that the official records of his successors did
not do him justice. That he became the object of the most spiteful
accusations by the Egyptians is clear from Herodotus {libers' Festschrift,

Schafer (Ehers' Festscrift. 92) proves that Brugsch was right in
attributing the Naples stela of Zed . Smataui. aufankh, priest of Hershefi at
Almas, to the Ptolemaic period, and the reference to a fatal battle with
the Greeks to the overthrow of the Persians by Alexander at Issus. By
others this reference has been considered to indicate the battle of
Marathon, the rebellion of Inavus, &c.

Maspeeo {Annuaire de I'ecole pratique des Hautes Etudes, 189G, p. 5)
sets forth the circumstances under which Alexander sought deilication
by being proclaimed the son of Ammon. To be acknowledged as son of
a great god was a Pharaonic device, which it was Alexander's policy to
adopt in order to legitimize himself for the Egyptian throne in the 3yes
of the Egyptian people.

Some doubtful cartouches found at Tahta were first read by
Goleuischeff as Maecianus. Wiedemann {Rec. de Tr. xviii. 122) suggests
that they are of Maximums Daza, but a copy of auother of these
cartouches by Bouriant reads clearly Commodus and is doubtless
correct {Rcc. de Tr. xviii. 150).


Sciiab'eb points out in the hieroglyphic part of the trilingual inscrip-
tion of Philae a Nubian place-name, Istrenen, as being possibly Astanoun,
a city which still existed five centuries ago at the 3rd cataract. This
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