Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1896-1897

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Progress op Egyptology.

Foreign Geography.

Max Muller publishes Professor Sayce's copy of the fragments
of a geographical list at Serreh (Aksheh) in Nubia (Rec. de Tr. xix. 78).

Deveria. Notes by this writer on the geographical lists of Thothmes
III. are published in his Memoires et Fragments, i. 203.

Maspero traces the ancient road from Kadesh on the Orontes to
Byblos by the help of the " Travels of an Egyptian " in the Sallier
Papyrus, through a forest and a dangerous gorge {Rec. de Tr.
xix. 68).

There has been much written on the geographical names in the Tell
el Amarna letters : viz.—

Maspero (Rec. de Tr. xix. 64) deals with Katna = Egyptian Kedina,
and Lapana = Greek Lybon.

Hommel on Khani rabbat, &c. (P. S. B. A. xix. 83).

Tomkins, conjectures concerning Khdna and Pethor (ibid. 113).

Max Muller, in Mittheilungen der Vorderasiatischen GesellschaftJ
1896-7, reads the name of a Phoenician king in a hieroglyphic inscription
from Syria (p. 190) and of a Hittite king on a scarab (p. 192) ; and
Winckler and Niebuhr treat of the place-names mentioned in the Tell el
Amarna letters (p. 203). Niebuhr would identify " Yarimuta" with
Lower Egypt. Max Muller recurs to the place-names on p. 273,
identifying Egyptian Unnug with cuneiform Unki, and Pabukh with
Babylonian Pnpakhu " temple." Winckler subsequently equates the
latter with Bambyce.

Ed. Meyer, the well-known historian, working from Winckler's edition
of these letters, suggests or upholds the following identifications:—

Babylonia, Karduniyai is also called Kai (the people Kassi), and
Sarifyar is the Egyptian Sangar.

Nahrima (Egyptian Nahrina), Mitani = Khanigalbat.

Alaiia (Egyptian Arasa) = Cyprus, also Egyptian Asy. There were no
Phoenician settlements in the island as early as the Mykenaean time, but
there was much intercourse with Egypt.

Also Istar of Nineveh was worshipped in Mitani, and apparently her

1 We may here note that the Vorderasiaiische Gesellscliaft (publisher Wolf Peiser :
Berlin) has been established for the investigation of the antiquities of Western Asia,
to cover the whole ground of cuneiform research in Mesopotamia, Syria, and Asia
Minor, the Minaean and Sabaean Kingdoms of Arabia, &c. The publication will
doubtless be of great value to students of these subjects, and deserves the support of
all who are interested in the geography, history, and reciprocal relations of the
different countries bordering on the Levant.
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