Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1902-1903

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


The chief of these probabilities concern the complete separation of the
dynasties on the monument:—The top line contained about 150 names of
prehistoric kings, of Upper Egypt in one half, of Lower Egypt in the
other; the 1st Dynasty occupied lines 2 and 3, the Ilnd lines 4 and 5,
the Illrd, ending with Senefru, and of much shorter duration than
Manetho indicates, occupied line 6. The IVth Dynasty occupied the
bottom line of the front side, the annals of the last king, however,
named Shepseskaf, being carried over bodily to the top line of the back,
where they stood isolated in the middle of the line. The next reign,
that of Userkaf of the Vth Dynasty, at the end of whose reign the
record was engraved, occupied the whole of 1. 2 on the back. Of his
two successors (engraving their annals, perhaps, from year to year, and
therefore unable to make a clear scheme for their arrangement on the
stone), the reign of the first occupies 1. 3 and part of 1. 4, the second
completing 1. 4, and adding 1. 5. Prof. Sethe considers that probably
about 650 years were recorded from Menes to Senefru.

4. The development of dating by years. Sethe begins by collecting
the instances from the monuments of the 1st Dynasty of dating years by
events, and points out that three modes of dating were in use in Egypt—
(1) by events; (2) by regnal years, in which case (a) the year began at
the day of accession, apart from the calendrical year, as is ascertained
for Dyn. I., IV.-V., XVIII.; (b) each year terminated with the last day
of the calendrical year, the system ascertained for Dyn. II., VI. (?),
XII., XXVI. and onwards. This article is to be completed in the next

Petrie restates his arguments for the order of the kings, as against
M. Naville's arrangement, Bee. cle Trav. xxiv. 214. In issuing the fifth
edition of the first volume of his "History of Egypt" (from the earliest
times to the XVIth Dynasty) he has omitted the chapter on prehistoric
Egypt, and the account of the first three dynasties has been entirely
rewritten to include the new discoveries, and many notes and corrections
to the other chapters are prefixed. The bulk of the book remains as in
the first edition.

A royal name at El Kab that has been read as Shaaru, and identified
with Soris, is rather Khufu. Greek, P. S. B. A. xxv. 215, cf. Sayce, ib.

Schafer gives the name, Thetha, of the architect of the pyramid
of Pepy I., and comments on Thetha's expedition to Hammamat. A. Z.
xl. 75. -

Borchardt states that the inscription on the statue of Khyan is
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