Eevillout translates the maxims of Ptahhotep, liev. Egypt, x. 101,
and the great moral papyrus (Insinger) of Leyden, ib. 1, and discusses
both in Bessarione, ser. ii., iv. 21, 186, 355. He also translates the law-
suit between the vulture and the cat in the Kufi Papyrus, P. S. B. A. xxv.
243 ; and other portions of the same papyrus, and another philosophical
discourse in demotic, Rev. Egypt, x. 69.
Natural History and Science.
It will be recollected that the late Dr. John Anderson projected a
survey of the zoology of the Lower Nile, and himself made collections of
reptiles and animals for that purpose. It was largely also in consequence
of his zealous advocacy that the Egyptian Government undertook its great
survey of the fishes of the Nile. Unhappily the condition of Nubia before
the fall of Mahdism greatly hampered his projects, especially in regard to
the collecting of the larger mammalia. His Catalogue of Reptilia and
Batraehia appeared in 1898, and Dr. Anderson, in failing health, felt it
necessary to make a beginning with the mammalia at once, in spite of his
material falling infinitely short of the very high standard of authenticity
and completeness which he had set himself. The sections on the monkeys
and bats were finished before the author's lamented death in 1900, the
former section being founded almost entirely on a very careful comparison
of living specimens, skins, skulls and mummies preserved in continental and
other gardens and museums. The rest has been finished as best it might,
with the help of Dr. Anderson's notes and specimens, by Mrs. Anderson,
the devoted wife of the zoologist, and Mr. de Winton. The volume is
entitled Zoology of Egypt, Mammalia, and like its predecessor is
beautifully illustrated with plates by Schmidt.
Bissing disproves the supposed representation of a horse in the Middle
Kingdom, and the name hs found in dictionaries for the leopard.
A.Z. xl. 97.
Nash publishes figures of camels engraved on a steatite seal in Sir
Gardner Wilkinson's collection at Harrow School. P. 8. B. A. xxiv. 309.
We may also note the early terra-cotta head resembling that of a camel
noted by Prof. Petrie in Abydos ii.
Lortet and Gaillard have examined a collection of bird mummies from
Saqqareh, Roda, Kom Ombo and Gizeh, identifying many birds of prey,
ranging from vultures and eagles to sparrow-hawks and owls ; also cuckoo :
roller, swallow : sand-grouse : stone-curlew: sacred and glossy ibis. Un-
lortunately the provenances or grouping of the different species are not