Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1902-1903

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Gkaeco-Roman Egypt.


Belocli finds, however, in the Tebtunis Papyri grounds for raising his
previous estimate of the population of Egypt under the Ptolemies. He
had previously been inclined to estimate the population of Egypt itself at
5-7 millions, to which he added four millions for the foreign dependencies.
Since, however, the Tebtunis Papyri show that a census of adult males was
kept in Egypt in the Ptolemaic period, he is now inclined to take the
three millions of Diodorus as the result of such a census, which would give
a total population of about ten millions, a figure practically identical with
that given by the census of 1897.

In the last part of the Archiv, Cronert argues on linguistic grounds
for the ascription to Heliodorus of the British Museum surgical fragment
recently edited by Kalbfleisch (No. 11 in last year's Eeport). Wenger
discusses the juristic materials provided by the Tebtunis Papyri; and
J. G. Milne analyses two hoards of Roman coins recently acquired by him
in Egypt.

The second part of Dr. Wessely's Studien zur Paldographie vnd
Papyruskuiide contains two articles by Cronert on the proper names which
occur in papyri and ostraka, including the double names which are so
commonly found, and the forms which Egyptian names take in Greek,
whether by transliteration or translation. The rest of the part (with the
exception of one article on mediaeval palaeography) is the work of the
editor himself, and exhibits all his customary industry and diligence.
An article on the census of the Roman period and the indictions of the
Byzantine quotes from the Rainer Papyri documents relating to the
census of 215/6, 229/30, and 257/8 (the latest of which we yet have direct
evidence), and also adduces two papyri, of 328 and 3-13, which show that,
when the indiction-system was still comparatively new, dates were some-
times given by the old indiction-cycle as well as the new (" the 17th year
which is the 3rd year of the new indiction," &c), and also that, in some
cases at least, the indiction-cycle at first was one of fourteen years
only (like the previous census-period), instead of fifteen years, as was
universal subsequently. The first fact had already been made known by
Grenfell and Hunt from a papyrus at Gizeh; the second is new, and
requires further testing before we can say that it rests upon more than
scribes' mistakes. Wessely's other articles include a note upon a Byzantine
protocol; a publication of several fragments of school-books of the
Byzantine period, with a number of autographed facsimiles; a discussion
of the " Tironian " symbol for ph, which he derives from the cursive form
of <j> in papyri of the Roman period, and consequently regards as post-
Tironian; and a correction of Zereteli's article (see Report for 1900-1,
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