Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1909-1910

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


cartouches we found ou a buried pillai' of tlie forecourt and on some
painted plaster in the sanctuary.

"Amenliotp's building, in which some sligbt altérations were made
during the XIXth and XXtb Dynasties, was, however, by no means the
earliest which stood on tins spot. For in removing the stoue pavement
which formed the floor, we found imbedded i'ace downwards a fine doorway
inscribed with the name and titles of Aalimes. The doorway had been set
up by one Thuri, commandant of Behen, and afterwards viceroy of Kush,
who is again mentioned in another stela found in a neighbouring dwelling.
At a still lower level again an entire System of walls was disclosed.
ïliese walls are massively built and perfectly alignée! with each other, but
traverse the whole area at an entirely différent angle from the Xew
Empire buildings. Tliey stand to an average height of 40 centimètres
and at that level had been filled up with stone chips and levelled to form
a new platform. There can be little doubt that the part of theni which
underlies the northern temple represents a Xllth Dynasty temple to
which the well-known stela of Usertesen I. now in the muséum at
Florence originally belonged.

" We cleared down to the lowest foundation level of the Xllth Dynasty
over the whole area between the northern and southern temples, and for
some distance south of the latter, and discharged the rubbish to a distance,
leaving the walls and buildings open to view. It then appeared that the
inner fortification wall, which was scarcely visible at the beginning of the
work, went down to a depth of 4 mètres below the désert sand and formed
part of the Xllth Dynasty System. This wall bounds Hatshepsut's
temple on the north and continues on the in front of tlie temple, where
it rises at one point in a high mass which is generally described as the
remains of a pylon. Both pylon and wall belong to the Xllth Dynasty
and form part of a building which underlies the temple of Hatshepsut.
As a resuit of our work this temple, enclosed by its modem wall and
protected by its modem roof, stands on a high platform in a very
commanding position.

" The antiquities discovered include three interesting statuettes of the
XVI1 Ith Dynasty, two of which are inscribed with the name of Amenemhat
a scribe, the third with the name of Aahmes a scribe. The latter bas been
sent to Khartum. In ïfovember, 1910, the work at Behen will be carried
to its conclusion by the excavation of the remaining Xllth Dynasty tombs
and the investigation of some further détails in the construction of the
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