Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1910-1911

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Christian Egypt.


Coptic entries. The work is particularly serviceable in its wide reference
to magazine articles. An appreciative review08 by Nestle has appeared.

H. D[elehaye], as the result of an investigation09 into the various
Menas legends, conies to the conclusion that all arise originally from the
same saint, Menas of the Mareotis, and that Menas of Cotyaea and Menas
6 xaWiKsXaSo^ are simply variations of the story when it began to spread
outside Egypt.

Three leaves—one from Berlin and two from the Golenischeff Collection
—of an encomium on St. Victor are published70 by von LEMM; of these
one had already been printed by Bouriant, but two are quite new. It is
satisfactory to know that all the remains of the two great encomiums
on this saint will before long appear in the Paris Corpus.

A collection71 of texts on both the Theodores, the " General" and the
" Eastern," are edited with translations by E. 0. Winstedt. He points
out the possible light thrown by a part of the story on the cause of
Diocletian beginning his persecutions of the Christians, and believes that
when the Bomans defeated the Persian king Narses in 297, Diocletian
handed over one of the captives, Narses' son, to the custody of Cyril,
Archbishop of Antioch; and Cyril's treacherous release of the prisoner,
probably for a bribe, may have turned the emperor to oppress his Christian
subjects. "Winstedt prints at the end of his book the martyrdoms of
.Tamoul and Justus from a British Museum papyrus. The Theodores
and other Coptic military saints are briefly studied72 by P. Monceaux in
the course of a review of Delehaye's Legcndcs grccques des Saints

Winstedt throws some doubt on the existence of Julius of Chbehs, "the
biographer of the martyrs." P. Dib gives an account73 of his own
martyrdom, fuller than that in the Synaxarium, from a Paris Arabic MS.

The forty-nine old men of Scete, otherwise called Magistrianus and his
companions, are mentioned in the Synaxarium (Tubeh 26); the full story
(a Bohairic text with translation) is given'4 by De Bicci and Winstedt
from a Vatican MS.—one of those brought by Assemani from the
monastery of St. Macaiius in the Nitrian desert. A review75 by
Til. L[efort] criticises the editors' translation in some details.

A study 75a of the legend of the Seven Sleepers throughout the world by
M. Huber contains a few references to parallels in Coptic literature.

Wixstedt completes76 his account of Psote (v. last Report, 60), and
goes77 on to the story of St. Matthew the Poor, of whose legend he
publishes a fragment of some length from the Clarendon Press
Coptic MSS.
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