Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1910-1911

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Christian Egypt.


a box to contain the bread for the Sacrament. These all bear inscriptions
in Greek or Coptic which have been misread and are now corrected.

G. Lefebvee proceeds105 with his archaeological survey of Christian
Egypt. He gives a full account of the Deir-el-Dik, a large monastery on
the borders of the mudiriehs of Assiut and Minyeh in the Lower Thebaid ;
he is able to restore to a considerable extent the scheme of ornamentation
of the church, and though it is comparatively late (contemporary with the
first Arab persecutions) there were long Biblical texts in Greek inscribed
on the walls. He also prints various Coptic and Greek inscriptions (mostly
funerary) from different places he has visited.

An interesting series of sepulchral stelae has been acquired by the
British Museum,105" with epitaphs of monks and nuns in Sa'idic.

Vox Lemm, in no. xc of his Miscellen, proposes10C a restoration in one of
the Coptic letters edited by Hall in his " Coptic and Greek Texts of the
Roman Period."

E. Combe publishes107 an example of two Moslem epitaphs inscribed on
a Coptic altar-stone.

Maspeeo's report107a on the submerged temples of Nubia contains some
photographs of Christian frescoes which have not previously been

K. M. kaufmann now begins108 in a magnificent volume the complete
account of his excavations at the Menas-sanctuary in the Mareotic desert.
He starts with the literary authorities for the cult of St. Menas, and then
proceeds to the description of the Basilicas he was able to unearth in the
oasis. By far the most important part of the book is its series of illustra-
tions, consisting of seventy cuts in the text and no less than 102 photographic
plates, many of which contain reproductions of several articles. These
give views of the site, architectural and artistic details, and a long series
of Menas-ampullae. A review 109 by H. D[eleiiaye] remarks that these
ampullae may sometimes have been used by pilgrims to carry away oil
from the lamps of the shrine, and suggests a doubt whether there is any
certain evidence of the practice of incubation. A general description110 of
Kaufmann's expedition, with illustrations and plans, is given by J. C. E.
Falls in a separate volume, which contains also an account of his visit to
the Nitrian monasteries.

A description by Strzygowski of a miniature of the Patriarch Theophilus
in a fragmentary papyrus chronicle (v. Report 1904^05, 61) is the
text for a severe criticism111 by J. WlLPERT of S.'s whole theory of
early Christian art. Both this and Stezygowski's reply112 go some-
what outside the limits of this Report, but it may be put briefly that
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