shafts and the whole of the inner surface of the vaults had been covered
with a white plaster. Niches had been cut in the walls, and in one case a
low bench ran round the whole chapel. In the larger of the two a regular
altar had been constructed in the east wall and on the plaster was
inscribed in red paint in Coptic: " The Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit,
Jesus the Christ, our mother Mary, and Apa Michael. Amen." Another
inscription in black reads: " Apa Thomas, the man of God."
The ground about these chapels had been used in late times as a Coptic
burying-ground, and it is possible, though not at all necessary, that these
chapels were in some way connected with this. Of their furniture, if
they ever possessed any, nothing remains except several rather grim
pegs made by driving into the wall human thigh-bones with the lower end
T. Eeic Peet.
B.—THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY.
After delivering lectures on behalf of the " Archaeological Survey " in
Norwich and other centres during October, November and December,
1911, I went out to Egypt to commence the field work. The site chosen
was Meir, a small village lying near the edge of the cultivation, and
situated on the west bank of the Nile some thirty miles north of Asyut.
The desert behind Meir formed the necropolis of Aphroditopolis, or Cusae,
the capital of the fourteenth nome of Upper Egypt, now called Qusiya;
and here, cut in the face of the limestone ridge that marks the com-
mencement of the high desert, are six inscribed tomb-chapels of certain
of the nomarchs. Eour of them are decorated with bas-reliefs,* one with
paintings in tempera, while the other contains only some titles and
funerary prayers on the architrave and jambs of a doorway, and two
stelae cut in one of the walls.
The earliest, No. 1, is that of Pepiankh, a nomarch of the Vlth Dynasty.
The remaining five, 2 to 6, are contemporary with the first four or five
kings of the Xllth Dynasty, and represent five successive generations of
feudal lords. No. 2 belongs to Senbi I., No. 3 to Ukhuhotep I., No. 4
to Senbi II., No. 5 to Ukhuhotep II., and No. 6 to Ukhuhotep III.
* In one of these, No. 5, the reliefs, instead of being out in the stone, are to a large
extent executed in very beautiful moulded plaster work.