Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1911-1912

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


rise of the dynasties. Work will be continued on this cemetery next

"At Gerzeh a considerable cemetery of the middle time of the pre-
dynastic age was cleared; and this—to the north of Meydum—is by far
the most northerly ground in which such early remains are known. Beads
of iron there are the earliest examples of iron-working.

" At Hawara the site of the Labyrinth was cleared along the base of
the pyramid, yielding many fragments of architecture and the upper parts
of half a dozen statues of gods. Two colossal granite shrines, also of
Amenemhat III., were found, now in Cairo and Carlsberg.

" The cemetery of Eoman portraits was also cleared further than was
done by Mr. Petrie in 1888. Sixty-five more portraits were found, most
of which were in passable state, and many fine. From a discussion of all
the evidence, they are dated from 100 to 250 a.d., gradually deteriorating
in style. Four are published in colour with the account in Roman
Portraits, and twenty-four more in colour will appear in the Hawara
Portfolio. Other volumes dealing with the results are The Palace of
Apries, Qurneh, Meydum and Gerzeh, The Labyrinth, and the forthcoming
volumes Tarkhan and Memphis V. Other minor excavations have been
at Mazghuneh, two new pyramid sites, and Shurafah, the site of Scenas
Mandras. The exhibitions have been held as usual at the headquarters of
the British School in University College, London. The work has been
carried on mainly by Prof. Petrie, Mr. Mackay, and Mr. Wainwright,
with various students for shorter periods."

Island oe Meroe'. In an illustrated memoir, The Island of Meroe,
J. W. Crowfoot, formerly Inspector of Antiquities in the Sudan, describes
a number of ancient sites lying between the Nile ancLthe Atbara, and
discusses their history and importance. He is disposed to place the
monuments of the Meroitic kings in the period from the first to the fourth
century after Christ. (XlXth memoir of the Survey of the E.E.F.)

Meroe. In the second interim report (1910-11) of the Liverpool
excavations, Garstang describes the final clearing of the temple of
Amnion and the investigation of a great royal enclosure to the west of
it. In the buildings here were found a treasure of gold nuggets and
jewels of Ethiopian kings, and the wonderful bronze head identified as a
portrait of Augustus. The remains of a great obelisk of granite was the
most important of the scanty additions to the inscriptions. Prof. Sayce
deals with'the historical results, and Prof. Bosanquet discusses the bronze
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