Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1911-1912

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24 Progress of Egyptology.

January to April, 1911. Before work could be begun preparations had
to be made for housing the staff and the imported labourers, and the
natives, who are notoriously troublesome there, had to be brought into
order. A working plan of the whole site on the west bank having been
made, the city on that side was found to have occupied an area of seven
kilometres in length and one in width. The laying bare of the ruins was
commenced on the eastern edge, farthest from the cultivation, as there the
remains would have been least disturbed by sebakhin and therefore be most
intelligible. Two squares of 200 metres were cleared, and many inter-
esting house remains laid bare, each large house with its gardens and
outbuildings surrounded by a mass of dependent houses. Several
mansions still bear the names of their owners, with scenes of adoration
of the Aton upon the stone doorways. The excavation is evidently to be
a model of its kind. Mitth. d. Deutschen Orient-Gesellscliaft, No. 46,
Nov. 1911.

Tehneh. Eeport with excellent plans and photographs of an excava-
tion in search of papyrus. Lesquier, Bull. viii. 113.

Hawara. In Roman Portraits and, Memphis IV. Petrie gives an
account of his second excavation in the Eoman cemetery at Hawara,
with descriptions of the portraits, the method of painting, discussion of
the chronology, etc. It is clear that the fine gilt mummies and those
with portraits had been kept for many years by their families, very likely
in the courtyard of the house, and it was only after they had lost their
interest and their beauty had been damaged that they were taken in
batches to the cemetery and hidden in the sand without any grave being
made. Cf. Petrie, Man, 1911, No. 91.

Memphis. In the same memoir are published a find of gold jewellery
of about the eighth century b.c., fragments of Eamesside sculpture, etc.,
from the work of the British School at Memphis.

Saqqara. Quibell's Monastery of Apa Jeremias is largely concerned
with Egyptian matters, nearly thirty plates being occupied with re-used
blocks from New Kingdom tombs, some of them very fine, and Egyptian
sculptures and objects of various periods with the names of Apries,
Hakoris, etc., originally taken from the Serapeum.

Tora. An admirable memoir by Prof. Junker on his excavation of a
late pre-dynastic tomb and proto-dynastic cemetery is printed in the
Denkscliriften of the Vienna Academy (Bericht uber die grabungen in
Turah). It is the northernmost yet found of such cemeteries. Dr. Derry's
examination of the skulls shows that they belong to the same race as the
prehistoric people of Upper Egypt, with very little intermixture of the
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