Peogress of Egyptology.
the Hebrews. A short review60 by Maspeko praises the careful com-
parison made by E. with Schmidt's Berlin I Clement. A very brief
notice61 also comes from K. Bihlmeyer.
A fourth-century leaf of the Shepherd of Hernias, among the
Oxyrhynchus fragments, is useful62 for critical purposes; since, although
there are some other papyrus fragments (including one at Berlin which
contains part of the same text) for this part of the Shepherd (Sim. ii),
only a fourteenth-century codex is available. An edition62a of the
Shepherd in the Hemmer-Lejay series by A. Belong (text and French
translation) has a careful and elaborate introduction in which some account
is taken of the various Coptic fragments. Hunt also publishes a certain
amount of Philo from what must have been a large third-century
papyrus codex, reserving, however, for a future volume those portions
which are not otherwise extant in our editions.
A dissertation62b by S. Euringer on the text and tradition of the
Arabic version of the Diatessaron (of. last Report, 68, no. 62) shows
conclusively that it was widely used in Egypt, and that its preservation
in Arabic is due to the Egyptian Church.
Mention should have been made last year of G. Bardy's study63 of
Didymus of Alexandria. He lived at an important time (313-398) in
the history of the Egyptian Church, and is notable as having influenced,
on widely different sides, both St. Cyril and St. Augustine. In a review64
by Srawley, Bardy's point is pushed still further home, that D. was
neither a very original nor a very subtle thinker, but that he possessed in
a high degree the power of exposition and of summing up the disputed
doctrines of his time in rich, varied, and comprehensive formulae.
0. Bardenhewer's history64a of ancient church literature now reaches
the fourth century, and a section of some length is devoted to Egypt, in
which special treatment is given to Alexander of Alexandria, Athanasius,
the Egyptian monks, Sarapion, Peter, Didymus, and their followers.
Some additions65 to one of his previously published Sermons of
Athanasius (v. Report, 1904^5, 81) are the subject of no. cxiii of von
When it became clear that there existed at the Vatican a manuscript
which was a much fuller parent of the Bodleian MS. used by Cramer in
his edition of Origen's Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Eomans,
the desirability of a new edition was obvious, and this has been success-
fully carried 66 out by A. Eamsbotham, with an apparatus criticus and
typographical distinctions. Origen's commentary on the Apocalypse
has also been discovered in the past year, and edited 67 by Harnack and