note on Andersson's remarks upon it in last Report, 72) is, with one
small exception, only found in negative sentences: he shows that the verh
jero-, " to call to, address," is only a combination of jo with the preposition
ero-: he gives instances of unabbreviated forms of the causative of the verb
hpr in Eohairic: he emends in a Shenoute passage a meaningless expression
soouJis njo into soouhe njo = " the top (lit. the egg) of the head:" and he
explains the double constructions of the object of a verb ((a) direct with
status constructus and (6) with the preposition n- with the absolute state)
which are found side by side in certain passages, as due to variations in
tone according to the verb and substantive to be combined.
A review 154 of Wessely's work on Greek words in the Coptic versions of
the Psalms, by F. Eoesch, calls attention to the curious fact that, as the
Coptic language began to decline under the influence of advancing Arabic,
a puristic reaction set in which tended to expel borrowed Greek words and
substitute for them Coptic equivalents. The review praises Wessely's
systematic labours and hopes that they may be followed by further work,
extending over a wider field, on the fortunes of Greek words in Coptic. A
review155 by Maspero has also appeared.
A review155a of Levy's study of the syntax of the Coptic ApopMhegmata
Patrum (v. Report, 1908-1909, 65), by Wreszinski, praises it as useful to
the theologian and student of literature as well as to the grammarian.
Some j^ears ago K. V. Zettersteen called attention to the Italian-
Nubian dictionary compiled by the missionary Arcangelo Carradori in the
seventeenth century. He now begins 150 to publish it in extenso, with
considerable annotations. The Kenzl dialogue, with occasional Mahas
forms, is that represented by the dictionary. He also performs another
even more valuable service to the study of Nubian by publishing 157 the
material collected by H. Almqyist in 1877-1878. A sympathetic review158
by L. REINISCH contains a few philological parallels with Coptic. A
review,159 by I. G[uidi] of Budge's Nubian texts, makes some suggestions
in the Ethiopic appendix of the life and miracles of St. Menas added by B.
8. Art, Archaeology, Eoxavations.—In his comprehensive work160 on
Byzantine art, 0. M. Daltox has much to say of the products of Christian
Egypt. He gives a short notice of its influence upon other Eastern
Christian art, and also descriptions of pottery, textiles, sculpture, and
painting. He accompanies his text with a good many illustrations.
The survey161 of the submerged temples of Nubia now deals with
Kalabsheh. Plate lxxii shows a mounted figure with a lance, being
crowned by a winged Victory or angel. The surveyor, H. Gauthier,
suggests that it is either a Eoman Emperor or the Nubian king Silko; but