Atkinson, Thomas [Mitarb.]
Excavations at Phylakopi in Melos — London, 1904

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THE POTTERY

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The subject is not unique in Mycenaean art. A gern in the British
Museum (Cat. of Geras, 80 ; Perrot and Chipiez, vol. vi. p. 851, No. 4)
represents a man, clad in a loin-cloth, carrying a fish by a short line attached
to its gullet. But the processional scheine of the four figures on the
pedestal suggests that the representation may have been borrowed from, or
at least influenced by, a wall-painting, like the friezes for instance of which
such fine fragments have lately been discovered at Cnossos. The best
parallel to our fishermen is the procession of warriors on the well-known
vase from Mycenae, and this, as has been proved by the discovery of a stele
with a shnilar representation, is merely a reproduction of a stock scene.

§ 12.—Pottcry Decoratcd with Flowers in Black and Red.

The charming group of vases collected on XXIII. 20 belongs as a whole
to the ' black and red ' class. Nos. 1 and 3, however, show the begiunings of a
change in technique. Thus, while the flowers on the neck of XXIII. 1 are
painted in the customary ' black and red' style, a different treatment is
applied to those on the body of the vase : the Instrous pigment is used for the
main part of the flower and the stamens are filled in in matt black. Further,
the lustrous colour on some of the vases in the present group is different (in
outward appearance at least if not in essence) from that of the preceding
section (v. p. 107), being of a blackish brown liue and presenting no decided
contrast to the matt black parts of the design.

As regards shape, the beaked jugs XXIII. 2 and 5 have a curved sharp-
pointed spout, not unlike some Hissarlik vases (cf. also p. 103), while XXIII.
5 has in addition a swelling on the throat and a slight foot. The form of
XXIII. 1, 3, 41 is related to a type of jug which is common in Hissarlik pottery
and which is characterized by an upright »^owi of the same general shape as
that of XXIII. 1, &c, but much narrower (XXIV. 11 an earlier, probably itn-
ported jug found at Phylakopi is much nearer to the Anatolian type).
The magnificent fragment XXIII. 7 is partof a large vase with straight sides
and flat base; a series of small holes is pierced round the top of the wall and
another series round the foot, so that the vessel cannot have held any liquid
substance.

The fioral patterns on the vases of this group are of great interest. The
flower which is the connecting bond between them all consists, in its most
developed form, of three sharp-pointed petals enclosing a Cluster of four
stigmas and four stamens. The stigmas, however, are frequently omitted.

This flower is not found on any of the Mycenaean vases hitherto
published. One very like it, however, occurs on a Cretan pictographic gern
(Evans, Gret. Fiel. p. 312, No. 56), and the recent discoveries of Mr. Evans
have shown that a similar type is one of the commonest symbols in the
pictographic syllabary and is also characteristic of the early Mycenaean

1 Common in Grete in the early Mycenaean Ili08, Eng. ed. p. 551, no. 1162.
period. For the Hissarlik type cf. Schliemann.
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