THE MINOR ANTIQUITIES OF CLAY. 209
•12 deep) raised on four feet which are rounded off like; röokers.' It has been
put together from fragments, more than half being supplied in plaster, but
there can be no cloubt about its original shape and dimensions. The genuine
parts are two of the feet, the greaterpart of the bottom, which determines the
length, and about one-third of the sides and ends. There are holes in the
rim, originally two on each side, for tying the lid. The sides and ends are
painted with a rough chequer-pattern in dark brown and yellow. The
clay scems to be Melian.
§ 4.—Lamps and othcr Domestie Utensils.
Lamps, includinej those of stonc.—It will be convenient to treat these
together, according to form rather than material.
1. Bound lamps with et shedlow well and tivo spout-lihc openings for wichs.
PI. XLI. shows four typical examples. The position of the wicks is indicated
by the fact that on lamps of clay and stone alike the effects of fire are visible
on the inner angles and sides of the spouts. They may be divided according
to their height into two groups. All were found at the Mycenaean leve.l.
ei. The majority have a very low foot and resemble the two stone lamps
found at Vaphio ('E<£. Ap^. 1889. iriv. vii. 20), others found at Mycenae
(Tsountas-Manatt, Figs. 29, 30), and one of white marble found by Staes in
the third tholos-tomb at Thoricus, in their proportions but not io their Orna-
From Phylakopi we have such a lamp made ofaclose-grained redtraehyte
much like the material of one found in the Vaphio tomb. Another, made of
dark Cretan steatite, has a tapering base in the form of an inverted bell, PI.
XLI. 1, and Fig. 184. It was found in G 3: 7 at a depth of 1-10 (early
period of Third City). A third, also of steatite, has a very small foot, and
measured when complete T9 across the top.
The most interesting of the cla}- lamps is one shown in PI. XLI. 2 in
top-view and in Fig. 185 in section. It is made of coarse red clay with a
polished surface, and is much scorched and blackened in the neighbourhood