JDolh Frederic V. and his duchess Elizabeth, a daughter of James I. of
England, have contributed a great deal towards beautifying the castle of
Heidelberg, and to this princess, of whose royal spirit historj bears testi-
mony, it is indebted for an additional wing, built in a simply pure
stile, which, under the denomination of the English part, still distin-
guishes itself in its very ruins, by its magnificence.
Charles Lewis, after long peregrinations, entered the paternal castle,
when arrived at the age of manhood, having left it, when a boy, and
from pious affection to his parents, restored the buildings erected by them,
which had been destroyed by the Vandalism of savage warriors.
The different buildings here mentioned enclose the castle-yard in
the east, west and north. More or less decayed and injured, they form
a grand tout ensemble.
Readers, who are unacquainted with the history of Heidelberg, will
be glad to learn, that this town probably first was surrounded with walls,
and inhabited by Conrad, Duke of Swabia, Count Palatine by Rhine,
previously to his being raised to that dignity by the emperor Frederic II.
in the year 1166. Before that period, Heidelberg did not belong to the
Palatinate, the princes of which, for the most part, resided on the banks
of the Rhine, at Bacharach, and other places.
The source of the Neckar is not above 5ooo steps distant from that
of the Danube, or Donau-Eshingen, in the kingdom of Wirtemberg. After
having streamed through the plains and cheerful hills of Swabia, it appears,
opening a new road for its waves, boldly rushing through the mountains,
and near Heidelberg rolling its waves over fragments of rocks, whereas
in the plain below, it runs with a smooth surface, and then near Man-
heim falls into the Rhine.
The heathenish King'sstool on the top of the Gaehberg in the south,
behind the castle, formerly wa's to be seen underneath an ancient oak-tre«.
Tradition places the castle of an ancient arch-king of the Germans» in
the year i2 5o after the creation of the world, upon this eminence, where
several stones, scattered among the trees, have retained that denomination
to the present day.
Already at the time of the Romans, castles are said to have been
standing on these mountains, which is confirmed by some stones with
inscriptions upon them, that were dug out there. This circumstance,
most probably, occasioned the settlement of fishers, hunters and shippers,
in the valley.
The Elsenz is a rivulet, known by its quiet depth. It flows through
Neckargemund 1 i£ league above Heidelberg, through a pleasant valley,
consisting of meadow-land, at the extremity of which it is received by
Here it will be most proper to copy what is mentioned of the ma-
gical maid in Kayser's Schauplatz der Stadt Heidelberg 1733.
"As for the name of Jetlenbuhel, it is derived from an old sooth-
sayeress Jettha, who is reported to have inhabited this spot, and of whom,
amongst others, tradition says: "An old woman, named Jettha, resided
on the hill, on which the castle of Heidelberg now is standing, and which
still is called Jettha-hill. She lived in a very ancient chapel, some of
the rudera of which were seen, when the count Palatine Frederick was
made Elector (about the year i544)> and built a fine palace, which is
called the new court. This woman was very famous for her prophecies,
and rarely left her chapel, in order to render herself more respected.
To those that came to ask for her advice, she answered from her
window, where alone she could be seen.
Amongst others, she predicted in uncouth and strange verses : it was
decreed, that her hill, in after-times, was to be the residence of royal
personages, whose names she mentioned, and honoured and ornamented
by them 5 and that the valley, under their protection, would be filled
with a numerous population.