0.5

1 cm

68

GLASGOW ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY.

Croy Hill, which begins to rise at the junction of these roads.

This cutting is only a search-hole to find the kerb on the

south side of the vallum. The kerb was found at a depth of

3 feet, and is of whinstone. The bottoming is of whinstone

also so far as exposed. The soil is red earth. The layering is

evident, there being at least two black lines. The berm is of

about the normal width, being 35 feet from the south kerb, which

(deducting 14 feet, the average width of the stone base) would

denote a width from north kerb to scarp of about 21 feet. The

fosse is here 40 feet wide and 6 feet deep. In crossing this ridge,

the course of the ditch is quite different from what it was in

passing under sections 7 and 8. There it left the height, belting

the declivity well down the slope. In this third ridge, at the

commencement, the fosse does not leave the vallum, but keeps

close to it until very nearly the height of the ridge is attained.

There the conditions again approach those of the cliff under

sections 7 and 8, and recourse has been had to the same method

of overcoming the difficulties. Meantime, let us look at the fosse

from the junction point of the roads in the hollow1 up to the

height of a shoulder of the ridge where the vallum and ditch

both change their temporarily south-westerly course and resume

their normal more directly westerly direction. It varies greatly

in width. Measured at various points within a distance of 50

yards, it is 36 feet, 35 feet, 35 feet, 37 feet, 28 feet, 34 feet; and

its general depth over that space is about 9 feet. It is very

rugged and stony and not much filled up. No watercourse runs

down it to silt it up or wear its sides away. Some of the blocks

about it are very large. At one point, about 200 feet west of

section 9, two great masses of rock, apparently in situ, form the

scarp. They measure 7 feet by 4 and 9 feet by 4 respectively,

and the one rests on the other. The lower one juts out 3 feet

from the scarp, and on the counterscarp another large block,

8 feet by 6, has apparently fallen and rests half way down. The

outer mound is narrow on the top and curves over quickly,

making a steep descent to the north, but it is impossible to

determine from surface appearances where the mound ends and

1 See block on p. 47.

GLASGOW ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY.

Croy Hill, which begins to rise at the junction of these roads.

This cutting is only a search-hole to find the kerb on the

south side of the vallum. The kerb was found at a depth of

3 feet, and is of whinstone. The bottoming is of whinstone

also so far as exposed. The soil is red earth. The layering is

evident, there being at least two black lines. The berm is of

about the normal width, being 35 feet from the south kerb, which

(deducting 14 feet, the average width of the stone base) would

denote a width from north kerb to scarp of about 21 feet. The

fosse is here 40 feet wide and 6 feet deep. In crossing this ridge,

the course of the ditch is quite different from what it was in

passing under sections 7 and 8. There it left the height, belting

the declivity well down the slope. In this third ridge, at the

commencement, the fosse does not leave the vallum, but keeps

close to it until very nearly the height of the ridge is attained.

There the conditions again approach those of the cliff under

sections 7 and 8, and recourse has been had to the same method

of overcoming the difficulties. Meantime, let us look at the fosse

from the junction point of the roads in the hollow1 up to the

height of a shoulder of the ridge where the vallum and ditch

both change their temporarily south-westerly course and resume

their normal more directly westerly direction. It varies greatly

in width. Measured at various points within a distance of 50

yards, it is 36 feet, 35 feet, 35 feet, 37 feet, 28 feet, 34 feet; and

its general depth over that space is about 9 feet. It is very

rugged and stony and not much filled up. No watercourse runs

down it to silt it up or wear its sides away. Some of the blocks

about it are very large. At one point, about 200 feet west of

section 9, two great masses of rock, apparently in situ, form the

scarp. They measure 7 feet by 4 and 9 feet by 4 respectively,

and the one rests on the other. The lower one juts out 3 feet

from the scarp, and on the counterscarp another large block,

8 feet by 6, has apparently fallen and rests half way down. The

outer mound is narrow on the top and curves over quickly,

making a steep descent to the north, but it is impossible to

determine from surface appearances where the mound ends and

1 See block on p. 47.