Glasgow Archaeological Society   [Hrsg.]
The Antonine Wall report: being an account of excavations, etc., made under the direction of the Glasgow Archæological Society during 1890 - 93 — Glasgow, 1899

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1 cm


Croy Hill, which begins to rise at the junction of these roads.
This cutting is only a search-hole to find the kerb on the
south side of the vallum. The kerb was found at a depth of
3 feet, and is of whinstone. The bottoming is of whinstone
also so far as exposed. The soil is red earth. The layering is
evident, there being at least two black lines. The berm is of
about the normal width, being 35 feet from the south kerb, which
(deducting 14 feet, the average width of the stone base) would
denote a width from north kerb to scarp of about 21 feet. The
fosse is here 40 feet wide and 6 feet deep. In crossing this ridge,
the course of the ditch is quite different from what it was in
passing under sections 7 and 8. There it left the height, belting
the declivity well down the slope. In this third ridge, at the
commencement, the fosse does not leave the vallum, but keeps
close to it until very nearly the height of the ridge is attained.
There the conditions again approach those of the cliff under
sections 7 and 8, and recourse has been had to the same method
of overcoming the difficulties. Meantime, let us look at the fosse
from the junction point of the roads in the hollow1 up to the
height of a shoulder of the ridge where the vallum and ditch
both change their temporarily south-westerly course and resume
their normal more directly westerly direction. It varies greatly
in width. Measured at various points within a distance of 50
yards, it is 36 feet, 35 feet, 35 feet, 37 feet, 28 feet, 34 feet; and
its general depth over that space is about 9 feet. It is very
rugged and stony and not much filled up. No watercourse runs
down it to silt it up or wear its sides away. Some of the blocks
about it are very large. At one point, about 200 feet west of
section 9, two great masses of rock, apparently in situ, form the
scarp. They measure 7 feet by 4 and 9 feet by 4 respectively,
and the one rests on the other. The lower one juts out 3 feet
from the scarp, and on the counterscarp another large block,
8 feet by 6, has apparently fallen and rests half way down. The
outer mound is narrow on the top and curves over quickly,
making a steep descent to the north, but it is impossible to
determine from surface appearances where the mound ends and

1 See block on p. 47.
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