Glasgow Archaeological Society   [Hrsg.]
The Antonine Wall report: being an account of excavations, etc., made under the direction of the Glasgow Archæological Society during 1890 - 93 — Glasgow, 1899

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the ant0nine wall report.


of perpendicular depth below the level of the berm. The top of
the counterscarp is 3 feet 4 inches lower than the edge of the
berm. The outer mound has a flattish, slightly descending
surface for 38 feet from the counterscarp; then it descends
quickly to the natural level with a fall of 5 feet in 14.

Barb, Hill.—Sections No. 5, 6, and 7.

[Mere search sections for kerbs of vallum."]

Sections No. 5, 6, and 7, being mere search-holes dug to ascer-
tain the existence of the kerbs and bottoming, are here described
together. They are respectively about 460, 466, and 470 feet
above sea level. Section No. 5 is 294 feet west of section No. 4,
section 6 is 65 feet further west, and section 7 is 54 feet further
still. The last-named is 207 feet east of the dyke running
down the eastern side of the little plantation east of the
site of the Roman station on Castlehill. These cuttings
are situated on a very steep slope, there being a rise of
about 90 feet between sections 4 and 7, a distance of about
138 yards. In each case there is also a heavy lateral slope from
the north falling southward. The north kerb is of freestone
in each case, 2 feet below the surface in No. 5, 1 foot 3 inches
in No. 6, and 1 foot 6 inches in No. 7. In none of the three
cases has the section been extended beyond the immediate
vicinity of the north kerb. The depth of soil over the base is
too small to enable profitable observations to be made upon it.
Very little of it appears to be coeval in deposition with the base.
There are traces of what seems to be the original soil, but these
are fragmentary, doubtless owing to the steep slope and exposed
site on which these sections stand. A dark brown mould forms
the superficial soil. Under these conditions no layering is to be
looked for, and certainly none is definite, except in section No. 5,
where there are traces. The berm is 21 feet wide in No. 5,
19 feet in No. 6, and 19 feet in No. 7. The fosse is 48 feet
6 inches wide and 13 feet deep in section No. 5, 39 feet
wide and 18 feet deep in section No. 6. The top of the
counterscarp is %\ feet lower than the edge of the berm in
section No. 5, and 9 feet lower in section No. 6. The
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