Egypt Explokation Fond.
are funerary texts, in a script intermediate between hieratic and hiero-
glyphic. In the coffin had been left pieces of a very thick cartonnnge,
entirely gilt, except the necklace, which was painted in colours, and the
hair. The mummy must have had jewels, which had been stolen, but
the plundering seems to have been done hastily. The sandals and the
pillow, both gilded, had been left, as well as many objects which had been
deposited near the coffin. These objects are similar to those discovered
at Meir in tombs of the Vlth Dynasty, but they are of less artistic value.
We got out two wooden boats with their crews, in one of which the
figure of the deceased is seen sitting under an awning ; two models of
houses containing numerous figures—one of them emptying bags of
corn into a granary; in the other a bull is seen lying on the ground
with his legs tied together while a man cuts his throat with a knife.
We also found statuettes of men and women, carrying jars, loaves, and
various provisions in baskets. These objects recall some adjuncts
of the earthly life of the deceased, and were intended to answer
the same purpose as the pictures on the walls of the tombs at Ghizeh
and Sakkarah. There was hardly a single tomb in which some such
model figures had not been dropped. In one they had been jumbled
together into a corner with the bricks of the door in order to make
room for the mummy of one Ser-Anion, a priest who was evidently of
no high rank, since it was his office to prepare ointments for the use of
the high priest.
It is remarkable that this beautiful coffin bears different names in-
side and outside. Inside the deceased is called Buau
He was a man of high rank with numerous titles, among which are those
of Head of the Treasury and Head of the Granaries, showing that his
position was one of considerable power. But on the outside he is called
simply Menthuhotep, a name probably assumed as being that of the king
underwhose reignhehadspentthe greater partof his life,or to whom he was
most indebted for the favours which he had received. I take it that the
life of Buau-M&nthuhotep was contemporary with the end of the Xlth
Dynasty and the beginning of the Xllth. His coffin, with all its para-
phernalia, is now at Ghizeh. In artistic beauty and in preservation it is
certainly one of the finest to be found in any museum.
In one of these tombs, which evidently had been plundered very earty,
was found a large wheel which must have belonged to some kind of car for
transporting stone or perhaps for lowering heavy coffins along the inclined
planes which led to the larger tombs. The wheel is fashioned out of a